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Janet Montgomery
Janet Montgomery • 2 years ago

Survivors of the Wounded Knee Massacre. [left to right] Brothers White Lance, Joseph Horn Cloud, and Dewey Beard . Joseph Horn Cloud was about sixteen years old when he witnessed the Wounded Knee massacre on December 29, 1890, two other brothers, Frank Horn Cloud and Earnest Horn Cloud also survived, his parents, two brothers, and a sister were killed.

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Survivors of the Wounded Knee Massacre. Brothers White Lance, Joseph Horn Cloud, and Dewey Beard.

Iron Hail, known as ‘Dewey Beard’ - Battle of Wounded Knee Survivor, (Postcard), United States of America.

Chief Dewey Beard or Wasu Maza ('Iron Hail', 1858-1955) was Minneconjou Lakota, fought in Battle of Little Big Horn as a teenager. After Custer's defeat, Wasu Maza followed Sitting Bull into exile in Canada, then back to South Dakota, where he lived on the Cheyenne River Indian Reservation. When he died in 1955, at age of 96, Dewey Beard was last known Lakota survivor of Battle of Little Big Horn and last know survivor of Wounded Knee Massacre.

Wasee Maza, Lakota Tribe (Sioux) 1857-1955 (his English name is written in various books & articles as Iron Tail or Iron Hail) Later changed his name to Dewey Beard. He was the last survivor of both the Battle of the Little Big Horn in 1876, and the Battle of Wounded Knee in 1890. While in Washington, D.C. he was chosen as one of 3 models for the Indian head profile on the Buffalo Nickel. Buffalo Bill was quoted as saying "Iron Tail is the finest man I have ever known, bar none."

Wounded Knee. Red Cloud and American Horse Dakota seated Buffalo Bill standing

Chief Hollow Horn Bear, Sioux, no location, or year

Touch the Clouds, after the Battle of the Little Bighorn, took his band north, eventually surrendering at the Spotted Tail Agency, where he enlisted in the Indian Scouts. However, not long after witnessing the death of Crazy Horse, Touch the Clouds transferred with his band back to the Cheyenne River Agency. Touch the Clouds became one of the new leaders of the Minneconjou at the Cheyenne River Agency in 1881, keeping his position until his death on September 5, 1905 aged 67 years.

There was no hope on earth, and God seemed to have forgotten us. Some said they saw the Son of God; others did not see Him. If he had come, He would do some great things as he had done before. We doubted it because we had seen neither him nor his works. Red Cloud talking about Wovoka. Source: Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee.