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Tilopa was a tantric practitioner and mahasiddha. He developed the mahamudra method, a set of spiritual practices that greatly accelerates the process of attaining bodhi (enlightenment). He is regarded as the human founder of the Kagyu lineage of Tibetan Buddhism.
Buddha with a topknot. Gandhara was the region that lies between N.W Pakistan and E. Afghanistan. first mentioned in a text in the 9th C. BCE. Over the next 900 years the region was conquered by Alexander the Great, the Indian Mauryan dynasty, the Parthians, the Indo-Greeks, and finally the Central Asian Kushan Empire. This complex history, with its many cultural influences, formed the foundation for a region where Buddhism flourished and the basis for some of the earlier images of Buddha.