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October 1944: Oskar Schindler, a German officer, saves 1200 Jews by moving them from Plaszow labor camp to his factory in Sudetenland. Photograph shows Schindler (second from right) with a few of the Jewish workers he saved. Source: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Oskar Shindler. I greatly admire those that during the Holocaust made great sacrifices and took great risks to save others.
Oskar Schindler, owner of an industry considered essential to Germany's war efforts, insisted that "his Jews" be spared selection for shipment to a death camp because, as he explained to SS commanders, his Jews had acquired skills essential to the manufacture of products needed by the German military. In reality, he used his factory primarily as a refuge for those Jews happy enough to be permitted to work there.
Helen Richey was Amelia Earhart's copilot on one flight across the Atlantic. She became the first woman hired to be a pilot by a commercial airline in the US. She was the first woman licensed as an aviation instructor. She was the first woman to fly a scheduled mail flight. During WWII she commanded a group of women pilots for the British Air Transport Auxiliary, flying bombs between factories and airbases. She died by suicide at age 38