The Ptolemaic universe as viewed from the Earth. God is shown with the angels in the spiritual realm outside the rotating spheres of the stars and planets. Simon Marmion (ca. 1425-1489), The Temptation of Eve, ca. 1460, Royal Library Brussels.
The planet Mars, with Aries, the zodiacal Ram, and Scorpio/the Scorpion below; from a fourteenth-century Netherlandish illuminated manuscript of Albumazar's treatise on astrology; Sloane 3983 f.37. (British Library)