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Lotte-Marijn Millar
Lotte-Marijn Millar • 1 year ago

The Gothic alphabet is an alphabet for writing the Gothic language, created in the 4th century by Ulfilas (or Wulfila) for the purpose of translating the Christian Bible. The alphabet is essentially an uncial form of the Greek alphabet, with a few additional letters to account for Gothic phonology: Latin F, two Runic letters to distinguish the /j/ and /w/ glides from vocalic /i/ and /u/, and the ƕair letter to express the Gothic labiovelar.

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runic alphabets which were used to write various Germanic languages before the adoption of the Latin alphabet

Etruscan Alphabet. The first alphabet was invented by Semitic-speakers in the ancient Near East, though the Caananite and later Phoenician alphabets had only consonants, and no vowels. The Greeks derived their alphabet from the Phoenicians and added vowels, producing the first true alphabet. A western variety of the Greek alphabet was carried by the Euboean Greeks to Italy, and the Etruscans acquired the alphabet from them. The Etruscans in turn passed on the alphabet to the Romans.

Little is known about the origins of the Runic alphabet, which is traditionally known as futhark after the first six letters. In Old Norse the word rune means 'letter', 'text' or 'inscription'. The word also means 'mystery' or 'secret' in Old Germanic languages and runes had a important role in ritual and magic.

Norse Runes: Futhark Runic Alphabet - uthark is the name given to a group of runic alphabets. Norse runes were letters used in ancient Germanic languages before the Roman script was adopted. Futhark was used for a long period of time by various peoples to write various languages. Its earlier version is known as the Elder Futhark. Later variant is known as the Younger Futhark. The word Futhark is formed after the first six runes in the rune sequence. Learn more. #languages

Ancient alphabets: Kemetc, Semetic, Phoenician, Greek, Roman. The Greek alphabet, the script of English today, is based on the Kemetic alphabet of Ancient Egypt/Kemet and the Upper Nile Valley of Ancient Africa. Ancient Egyptians called their words MDW NTR, or ‘Metu Neter,” which means divine speech. The Greeks called it, ‘hieroglyphics"- a Greek word. The etymology of hieroglyphics is sacred (hieros) carvings (glyph).

Tsonev Glagolitic comparison. As a Bulgarian writing, Glagolitic appeared first in the Balkans with the Byzantine cultural influence. In ancient times, as today, there were Balkan Slavs, or Bulgarians near Solun, Kostur, Debar and other southern regions neigbouring Greek population. Naturally with such closeness to the Greek element, Bulgarians would borrow the Greek alphabet itself to express with it Slavic speech, as it occurs today in Bulgarian regions under Greek rule.

Cherokee Alphabet Native People Photogravure by SurrendrDorothy, via Flickr