Human dissection, 14th century artwork from Anathomia (1345), by anatomist Guido da Vigevano. This chap was the first person to provide anatomical drawings in his manuscripts. He also pioneered standing dissections, picture here.
Pulse measurement. 14th century artwork of a doctor measuring a patient's pulse. As seen here, the pulse can be taken at the wrist or in the armpit. Artwork from Anathomia (1345), by the Italian anatomist Guido da Vigevano.