This dramatic photo of Three Eagles, an associate of Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce, was copyrighted by Edward Curtis in 1910.
Christine Silver, 1913. Photo by Alexander Bassano.
Irataba, Chief of the Mojoves,Wallapas,Toutos,Apache & Cimanvascommands 9,000 warriors mostly living in Arizona. Arrived at Metropolitian Hotel 2-6-1864 with Capt.John Moss. He was 50yrs old 6'2" & very muscular. He stated "He wanted to see where all the pale faces came from". He traveled then to Boston & Philadelphia.
Sacred Feathers...Feathers in hair for Native Americans had a spiritual meaning. They were worn by Native American Chiefs to symbolize their communication with the Spirit, and to show off their divine wisdom. Feathers also represented the power of the thunder gods, along with the power of air and wind. Sometime feathers were representative of courage during a battle or a successful hunt.
Hin-ma-toe Ya-lut-kiht (aka Thunder Rolling Over The Mountains, aka Chief Joseph, aka Joseph II) the son of Tuekakas (aka Shooting Arrow, aka Joseph I) – Nez Perce – 1877
“Before our white brothers arrived to make us civilized men, we didn’t have any kind of prison. Because of this, we had no delinquents. Without a prison, there can be no delinquents. We had no locks nor keys and therefore among us there were no thieves. When someone was so poor that he couldn’t afford a horse, a tent or a blanket, he would, in that case, receive it all as a gift. We were too uncivilized to give great importance to private property. We didn’t know any kind of money...
John Fire Lame Deer a Lakota Holy Man
Native American Headdress. In the past they were sometimes worn into battle, but most often worn for ceremonial occasions as is the case today. They are seen as items of great spiritual & magical importance. The eagle is considered by Plains tribes as the greatest & most powerful of all birds, and thus the finest bonnets were made out of its feathers. Its beauty was considered of secondary importance; the bonnet's real value was in its supposed power to protect the wearer.
Native American Indian headress