Black History: General
from original pin: "Lois K. Alexander Lane.... Little Rock, AR native, 1916, a boutique owner, seamstress. Known for the fashion institute-museum in Harlem, NY. Museum showd African American contributions to fashion. '38 grad Hampton University - master’s in retailing, fashion merchandising NY University. Thesis focused history African Americans in retailing, discovery of overlooked dressmakers seamstresses. Interest led to Harlem Institute of Fashion 1966"
When Dorothy Pitman Hughes (right) was 10, her father was beaten by the Ku Klux Klan and left for dead on the family's front porch in rural Georgia. She prayed that if God saved her father's life, she would dedicate hers to making the world a better place. Later, she started a day care saying "too many women were being forced to leave their children home alone while they worked to feed their families." Her work caught the attention of women's rights activist Gloria Steinem (left).
Model Charlotte Stribling (a.k.a. 'Fabulous') in Harlem, 1950. Photo: Eve Arnold. The photos Ms. Arnold took over the course of a year in Harlem established her as a photographer. African American model Charlotte Stribling, or “Fabulous” as she was known, relaxes during a fashion show in Harlem’s Abyssinian Church, 1950. During this period Harlem hosted an average of 300 fashion shows a year, many of them showcasing clothes that the models themselves or local seamstresses had made.KA
Born on October 2, 1897, Burghardt Gomer Du Bois was the beloved firstborn child of Nina and Will. Living only eighteen months before contracting diphtheria, the loss of their only son was a tragedy that continued to haunt Du Bois years later and altered Nina forever.
Mary Sylvina Burghardt Du Bois with her infant son, "Willie." Du Bois wrote of his mother that "she gave one the impression of infinite patience, but a curious determination was concealed in her softness." She died only months after Du Bois graduated from high school.
The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks -- A poor black tobacco farmer whose cells—taken without her knowledge in 1951 and now called HeLa cells—became one of the most important tools in medicine, vital for developing the polio vaccine, cloning, gene mapping, in vitro fertilization, and more. Henrietta’s cells have been bought and sold by the billions, yet she remains virtually unknown, and her family can’t afford health insurance.
Barbara Smith (right) and another model pose for the legendary Pittsburgh photographer, Charles “Teenie” Harris, backstage at a fashion show around 1969. Barbara Smith would go on to a successful modeling career and become even better known as a restaurateur, lifestyle expert and entrepreneur, B. Smith. Photo: Carnegie Museum of Art/Heinz Family Fund.
Josephine Baker in Paris, 1940. This picture was taken around the time she joined the French Counterespionage Services and became a counterespionage agent. She was awarded the Croix de Guerre and the Medal of Resistance with Rosette by the French government for her efforts during World War II. Photo: Studio Harcourt, Ministry of Culture (France).
Fannie Mae Duncan, who owned a cafe and bar called the Cotton Club in Colorado Springs, Colorado, sitting on a bed with a cashbox - and a handgun - counting daily receipts in 1955. Ms. Duncan was born Fannie Mae Bragg on July 5, 1918 in Luther, Oklahoma. She ran her Cotton Club from 1948 to 1975 and hosted such icons as Duke Ellington, Billie Holliday and BB King. She died in 2005. Photo © Lew Tilley via Pikes Peak Library District. Thanks Robin Caldwell for the tip!
An Octoroon student at Tuskegee. Quadroon, and the associated words octoroon and quintroon are terms that, historically, were applied to define the ancestry of people of mixed-race, generally of African and Caucasian ancestry, but also, within Australia, to those of Aboriginal and Caucasian ancestry.
Dorothy Height, (March 24, 1912 – April 20, 2010) an American administrator and educator, was a civil rights and women's rights activist specifically focused on the issues of African-American women, including unemployment, illiteracy, and voter awareness. She was the president of the National Council of Negro Women for forty years and was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1994 and the Congressional Gold Medal in 2004.
101 years before Rosa Parks and Claudette Colvin, an African American woman named Elizabeth Jennings refused to be removed from a New York City trolley. Her case in the Brooklyn Circuit Court led to the desegregation of all NYC trolley lines. Her attorney? Future president Chester A. Arthur
Watch Streaming HD The Great Debaters, starring Denzel Washington, Forest Whitaker, Kimberly Elise, Nate Parker. A drama based on the true story of Melvin B. Tolson, a professor at Wiley College Texas. In 1935, he inspired students to form the school's first debate team, which went on to challenge Harvard in the national championship. #Biography #Drama play.theatrr.com/...
Richard Robert Wright, Sr. (May 16, 1855 - July 2, 1947) was valedictorian at Atlanta University's first commencement ceremony in 1876. He served as the first president of the Georgia State Industrial College for Colored Youth, a historically black college in Savannah, Georgia which has been renamed Savannah State University. He was the first African American to serve as an Army paymaster.