Fruits Of India
Jambul (Syzygium cumini) is an evergreen tropical tree native to India. A fairly fast growing species, it can reach heights of up to 30 m and can live more than 100 years. As the wood is strong and water resistant it is used in railway sleepers. It is also used to make cheap furniture and village dwellings though it is relatively hard to work on. The fruits which are oblong develop by May or June and resemble large berries. It starts green and turns pink to shining crimson black as it matures.
Among Indian mangoes, the Alphonso, named after Afonso de Albuquerque, is considered the best in terms of sweetness, richness and flavor. Its considerable shelf life of a week after it is ripe makes it exportable. It is also one of the most expensive kinds of mango and is grown mainly in western India. It is in season April through May and the fruit weigh between 150g and 300g each. Sale of Indian mangoes was permitted in the US from 2007. Individuals are not allowed to bring them into the US.
The jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) is believed to have originated in the south-western rain forests of India, in present-day Kerala but is now widely cultivated in the country. Enormous and prickly on the outside, jackfruit looks somewhat like durian (though jackfruit is usually even larger). Jackfruit contains many vitamins and minerals. The fruit's isoflavones, antioxidants, and phytonutrients has cancer-fighting properties. It is also known to help cure ulcers and indigestion.
The Purple Passion Fruit Flower. The vine grows wild and is valued for its flavor and aroma which helps not only in producing a high quality squash but also in flavoring several other products. The juice is extensively used in confectionery and preparation of cakes, pies and ice cream. The leaf of passion fruit is used as a vegetable in the hills of N.E. India. Purple passion fruit and Yellow Passion fruit and Hybrid passion fruit (Purple x Yellow) are of commercial importance in India.