The Dimasa are one of the oldest inhabitants of North Eastern India and is one of the many Kachari tribes. The name 'Dimasa' stands for "children of the big river," referring to Brahmaputra river(known as Dilao in Dimasa). Kacharis appear to be one of the earliest indigenous ethnic groups of north eastern India. As Dimasa Kachari have both male clan and female clans their law inheritance is somewhat peculiar in nature. The Dimasa have a patriarchal society. BISHU is an important festival.
Baiga is a tribe found in MP, UP, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand. The Baiga tribe in MP is known for its unique culture. They do not interact even with other tribals like the Gonds, believe in a hand-to-mouth existence, and do not try to access education, eat outside their community, or associate with others. After a death in the family, the Baigas just leave the house and build another. They are totally dependent on the jungle. Tattooing is an integral part of their lifestyle is the Baiga tribe.
The Biate people are one of the oldest tribes of Mizoram, Assam and Meghalaya. Though they are less in term of population, they have their own identity with a rich and distinctive history, culture, dialect and religious heritages. They are also one of the oldest living tribes in the NE. The term Biate comes from the word Bia-te. The word ‘Bia’ or ‘Biak’ means ‘speak’ or ‘worship’. ‘Te’ is a suffix denoting plurality. Hence, the two words combine to form the word Biate, which means worshipper.
The Bodos are an ethnic and linguistic community, early settlers of Assam. Historically the great Bodos were known as The Mech or The Meche. Even today the Bodos living in West Bengal, Nagaland and Nepal are called as Mech or Meche. The Bodos living all over the world are proud to call themselves as Bodosa( son of Bodo). Even though Bodos are demographically separated they follow the same culture, tradition, language and religion.
The Khasi are an indigenous or tribal people, the majority of whom live in Meghalaya, A substantial minority of the Khasi people follow their tribal religion; called variously, Ka Niam Khasi and Ka Niam Tre in the Jaintia region. Other religions practiced include Presbyterian, Anglican, Unitarian, Roman Catholic and very few are Muslims. The main crops produced by the Khasi people living in the War areas are betel leaf, areca nut and oranges. The Khasis are a matrilineal society.
The Oraon tribes are tribal aborigines inhabiting various states across central and eastern India. They have a rich range of folk songs, dances and tales, as well as traditional musical instruments. Both men and women participate in dances, which are performed at social events and festivals. During festival or any occasion of celebration they consume "Handiya" made from fermented rice. Handiya is distributed among every man and woman of the village in a "bowl of leaves", which is called "Dona".
The Limbu tribes and clans are found in Sikkim. Limbu bury their dead and observe for two to three days through practiced death rituals. Weddings, mourning, gift exchanges, and settlement of conflicts involve consumption of liquor, especially the Limbu traditional beer popularly known as Tongba. Dancing parties are arranged for visitors to the village. The traditional dress of the Limbus is mekhli and taga. Dhaka is the traditional fabric of the Limbus.
The Sangtams are a Naga tribe living in the Tuensang and Kiphire districts of Nagaland. Like many other tribal groups in Northeast India, they practice jhum, or shifting cultivation. Unlike other Naga tribes in Nagaland, many of the Sangtam have retained their traditional beliefs in spite of embracing Christianity at the same time. Sangtams celebrate twelve different festivals, in particular Mongmong, all of which are affiliated with their traditional culture and religion.
Gaddi Tribes constitute a sizeable population of tribes inhabiting HP. It is believed that these people migrated to the foothills of Himalayas from Central Asia, Rajasthan and Gujarat. The main occupation is shepherding. They earn their livelihood by rearing and selling sheep, goats, mules and horses. The Gaddi community have also started adopting several other occupations for earning their livelihood.
The Jats are a Maldhari cattle herding group distributed in Kutch and Saurashtra region. They have 3 territorial divisions, the Halai Jat, Verai Jat, and Kutchi Jat. The Kutchi are further subdivided into the Dhanetah, Girasia and Fakirani, the latter consider themselves superior to the other two, and are strictly endogenous. They are further divided into clans like the Badajang, Podani, Aamar, Vangayi, while the Girasia are divided into he Mudrag, Bhallad and Hallayi.
Chakhesang is a Naga tribe found in Nagaland, India. The word Chakhesang comprises three tribes: cha - Chakri, Khe - Khezha, Sang - Sangtam. Chakhesangs are the former Eastern Angami, who have separated from the Angami Naga tribe, and are now recognized as a separate tribe. The tribe is basically divided into two groups known as "Chokri" and "Khezha". The chakhesang tribes are mainly found in the phek district of nagaland, though two Chakhesang villages are in Ukrul district, Manipur.
Chakhesang girls wearing tiza tida. Tiza is the carnelian beads which makes up the central part of a Tida, a necklace worn by the women of most Naga tribes. It is a broad, heavy, delicate and beautiful jewelry made up of carnelians, agate, ivory, glass beads etc, laced together in specific patterns. Traditionally, a Tiza is a girl's prized possession. On attaining puberty, it is gifted to the daughters by their mothers. The number of strands and quality of the Tiza denotes wealth and status.
The Chi Pi Khwü/Shawl is the most distinctive shawl of the Chakhesang Nagas, both in appearance and in symbolism. The ultimate symbol of honor and privilege, this shawl was not to be worn by just anybody in the olden days and is still revered as a symbol of distinguished achievement. The privilege of wearing this shawl had to be earned and most people earned the honor of wearing it after they were past middle age.
Yimchunger is one of the minor Naga tribes of Nagaland. According to the Yimchunger tradition, the tribe emerged at a village called Moru, and then came to the Jure village. The Yimchungers and the Khiamungans are believed to have migrated to the present-day Nagaland from Upper Burma as one group, in one wave. They separated into two groups at the Moru village. The traditional dress of the Yimchungers includes colorful cane-made headgear decorated with hair and bird feathers.
The Brokpas are a proud people who have retained their Aryan traditions and culture even after living for centuries in a region greatly influenced by Buddhism. This community belongs to the Sunni faith and they maintain their separate identity from the Shias and Nurbakhshis who also live in this tract. The local language spoken by the Brokpas is Shinna, which they speak amongst themselves. In their communications with other communities, they use the Balti language.
The Dard people are a group of Indo-European Indo-Iranian-speaking people predominantly found in northern India's Jammu and Kashmir, The community is also known as Brokpa, Drokpa and Shin, and speak Dardic languages. The Dard tribe has around 2,500 members in three small villages of Ladakh - Dhahnu, Darchik and Garkun.
The Lisu people are a Tibeto-Burman ethnic group who inhabit the mountainous region of Arunachal Pradesh. Lisu people in India are called Yobin. There are about 5,000 Lisu people in India. The Lisu tribe consists of more than 58 different clans. Each family clan has its own name or surname. Lisu history is passed from one generation to the next in the form of songs. Today, this song is so long that it can take a whole night to sing.
The Adi, or Bokar Lhoba people is a major collective tribe living in the Himalayan hills of Arunachal Pradesh, and they are found in the temperate and sub-tropical regions within the districts of East Siang, Upper Siang, West Siang and Lower Dibang Valley and Lohit. The older term Abor is a deprecated exonym from Assamese meaning 'uncontrol'. Some of them are found in Southern Tibet. The literal meaning of Adi is "hill" or "mountain top".
The Bonda are an ancient tribe of people numbering approximately 12,000 who live in the isolated hill regions of the Malkangiri district of southwestern Odisha, India, near the junction of the states of Odisha, Chhattisgarh, and AP. The tribe is one of the oldest and most primitive in mainland India; their culture has changed little for more than a thousand years. Their isolation and known aggressiveness continue to preserve their culture despite the pressures of an expanding Indian population.
Baiga is a tribe found in MP, UP, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand states of India. The Baiga tribes practice shifting cultivation in forest areas. They believe in a hand-to-mouth existence, and do not try to access education, eat outside their community, or associate with others. After a death in the family, the Baigas just leave the house and build another. They are totally dependent on the jungle, they do not engage in tendu leaf collection, which is a major livelihood provider in MP.
The Garos are the second-largest tribe in Meghalaya and comprise about a third of the local population. They are mainly Christians. There are some rural pockets where the traditional animist religion and traditions are still followed. The youngest daughter inherits the property from her mother. Sons leave the parents' house at puberty, and are trained in the village bachelor dormitory. After getting married, the man lives in his wife's house. Garos are a matrilineal not matriarchal society.