The Lisu people are a Tibeto-Burman ethnic group who inhabit the mountainous region of Arunachal Pradesh. Lisu people in India are called Yobin. There are about 5,000 Lisu people in India. The Lisu tribe consists of more than 58 different clans. Each family clan has its own name or surname. Lisu history is passed from one generation to the next in the form of songs. Today, this song is so long that it can take a whole night to sing.
The Adi, or Bokar Lhoba people is a major collective tribe living in the Himalayan hills of Arunachal Pradesh, and they are found in the temperate and sub-tropical regions within the districts of East Siang, Upper Siang, West Siang and Lower Dibang Valley and Lohit. The older term Abor is a deprecated exonym from Assamese meaning 'uncontrol'. Some of them are found in Southern Tibet. The literal meaning of Adi is "hill" or "mountain top".
The Bonda are an ancient tribe of people numbering approximately 12,000 who live in the isolated hill regions of the Malkangiri district of southwestern Odisha, India, near the junction of the states of Odisha, Chhattisgarh, and AP. The tribe is one of the oldest and most primitive in mainland India; their culture has changed little for more than a thousand years. Their isolation and known aggressiveness continue to preserve their culture despite the pressures of an expanding Indian population.
Baiga is a tribe found in MP, UP, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand states of India. The Baiga tribes practice shifting cultivation in forest areas. They believe in a hand-to-mouth existence, and do not try to access education, eat outside their community, or associate with others. After a death in the family, the Baigas just leave the house and build another. They are totally dependent on the jungle, they do not engage in tendu leaf collection, which is a major livelihood provider in MP.
The Garos are the second-largest tribe in Meghalaya and comprise about a third of the local population. They are mainly Christians. There are some rural pockets where the traditional animist religion and traditions are still followed. The youngest daughter inherits the property from her mother. Sons leave the parents' house at puberty, and are trained in the village bachelor dormitory. After getting married, the man lives in his wife's house. Garos are a matrilineal not matriarchal society.
The Sentinelese are one of the Andamanese indigenous peoples and one of the most remote tribes of the Andaman Islands. They inhabit North Sentinel Island. They are noted for vigorously resisting attempts at contact by outsiders. The Sentinelese maintain an essentially hunter-gatherer society subsisting through hunting, fishing, and collecting wild plants; there is no evidence of either agricultural practices or methods of producing fire. Their language remains unclassified.
The Jarawa are one of the indigenous peoples of the Andaman Islands. Their present numbers are estimated at between 250–400 individuals. Since they have largely shunned interactions with outsiders, many particulars of their society, culture and traditions are poorly understood. They have inhabited the islands for thousands of years. For the greater portion of their history their only significant contact has been with other Andamanese groups.
The Wancho are a tribal in Arunachal Pradesh. The prime festival of the Wancho is Oriah, a festival between March to April, for a period of 6 t- 12 days. Villagers exchange bamboo tubes filled with rice beer as a mark of greeting and goodwill. Pork skin is then offered to the village chief as a mark of respect. Pigs, buffaloes and mithuns are sacrificed and feasts are arranged in each and every morungs (dormitories). Boys and girls, wearing ceremonial costumes, sings and dance during this Oriah.
The Memba tribe live in Arunachal Pradesh. The Memba are agriculturalists and grow cash crops in the terraced fields, and crops like rice, maize, millet, potato, cereals and paddy. Boiled rice & millet flour is their staple diet. The Membas follow Nyingmapa Tibetan Buddhism and have their own script, Hikor, which is derived from the Tibetan script. In every village, there is a small Gompa presided by a Buddhist Lama. Festivals that are celebrated include Losar and Choskar.
The Wancho tribe is found in Arunachal Pradesh. The men, once were successful headhunters. When the enemy was successfully eliminated, the Wancho men were honored and adorned with the THUN HU or facial tattoo. Women were also tattooed to display their status within the tribe. Tattooing plays a major role among the Wancho tribe. According to tradition, a man is tattooed on his four limbs and his face, The women adorn themselves with necklaces & bangles, along with some light tattooing as well.
The Toda people are a small pastoral community who live on the isolated Nilgiri plateau of Southern India. Their way of living is simple and with their flowing beards, long hair, fine bodies and tall sticks they resemble the prophets of the Old Testament. Toda Tribe is the most ancient and unusual tribe of Nilgiri Hills of Tamil nadu. The todas have their own language. They have their own secretive customs and regulations.
Schoolgirls in Chakma dress ready to welcome guests. The Chakmas are a community that inhabits North-East India. Chakmas are divided into 46 clans or Gozas. Chakmas have their own language, customs and culture, and profess religion, Theravada Buddhism. Chakmas are Tibeto-Burman, and are thus closely related to tribes in the foothills of the Himalayas.
The Kondh are a people adivasi (indigenous) of India . The Dongria Kondh are a subgroup of the Kondh. The Kondh are experts in the field life and show great adaptability to the forest environment. Due to changes in education, health facilities, irrigation, the plantations, the development megaprojects, mines and industrial plants and their traditional way of living, their habits of political and economic organization, its norms, values and his vision of the world are changing dramatically.
Khonds, or Kandhs are an aboriginal tribe of India, inhabiting Odisha and Andhra Pradesh. Their main divisions are into Kutia, or hill Khonds and plain-dwelling Khonds; the landowners are known as Raj Khonds. They are hunter gatherers. They are mainly dependent on forest resources for survival. Their religion is animistic, and their pantheon includes eighty-three gods. The Khond language, Kui, is more closely related to Telugu than is Gondi.
The Sora are a tribe from Southern Odisha, north coastal Andhra Pradesh. They are also found in the hills of Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. They are also sometimes called Lanjia Souras due to their dress pattern of wearing a loin cloth hanging from behind and which could be mistakenly identified as a tail by a stranger. The Saoras speak a Munda language. They practice shifting cultivation Marriages are made by bride capture, elopement, and by negotiations.
The Sherdukpen tribes of Arunachal Pradesh are fair in complexion resembling that of Mongoloid people. The Sherdukpen tribes are pious practicing Buddhism and other various religious practices. Amongst them, Choskar, Losar, and Wang are quite significant. The occupation of Sherdukpen tribes is agriculture, hunting and fishing. Sherdukpen tribes practice several dance forms like The Yak dance, the Deer dance and Ajilamu dance. The Eagle dance is quite popular.
The Lisu people are a Tibeto-Burman ethnic group who inhabit the mountainous regions of Arunachal Pradesh. Lisu history is passed from one generation to the next in the form of songs. Today, this song is so long that it can take a whole night to sing. Lisu practice a religion that is part animistic, part ancestor worship. The main Lisu Festival corresponds to the Chinese New Year and is celebrated with music, feasting and drinking, as are weddings.
The Tangsa is a community of several tens of thousands living in Arunachal Pradesh and parts Assam. Many Tangsa tell of migrations from what is now Mongolia, through the South-West China Province of Yunan into Burma. Tangsa traditions suggest that they settled in the existing region from the beginning of 13th century. Tangsa Tribal Beauties. The term Tangsa is derived from ‘Tang’ (high land) and ‘Sa’ (son) and means 'people of the high land'.
The Khamti, are a sub-group of the Shan people Lohit district of Arunachal Pradesh. The Khamti possess East Asian features. They are followers of Theravada Buddhism and have adopted a script of Shan origin, known as Lik-Tai for their language. Their mother tongue is known as Khamti language. The Khamti are renowned for their craftsmanship. Their priests are also known to be amateur craftsmen, who use wood, bone or ivory to carve out religious statues.
The Monpa are tribe in Arunachal Pradesh. Their language belongs to the Tibeto-Burman family, but it is significantly different from the Eastern Tibetan dialect. It is written with the Tibetan script. The belief in transmigration of the soul and reincarnation is widespread, as their life is largely centred on the Tawang monastery, where many of the boys join the monastery to grow up as Buddhist Lamas. The Monpa are known for wood carving, Thangka painting, carpet making and weaving.
A Galo couple in traditional attire. The Galos is one of the most populous tribe of Arunachal Pradesh. Normally, they practice monogamy but polygamy is also practiced by rich and affluent people as a symbol of one's prosperity and prestige. Galos used to practice shifting cultivation since olden days but now prefer wet rice and terrace cultivation. Children learn Galo as a first language, although most are also bilingual.
The IDU-MISHMI is a major sub-tribe of Mishmi group. They are of mongoloid stock and speak the Tibeto-Burman language. They can be distinctively identified among other tribal groups of Arunachal Pradesh by their typical hairstyle, distinctive costumes and artistic patterns embedded on their clothes. People of sober nature still maintain deep-rooted aesthetic values in their day-to-day life with great pride and honour. The major festivals of the Idus are ‘Reh’ and ‘Ke-meh-ha’.
Nyishi male in traditional headgear. The Nyishi people, inhabit the State of Arunachal Pradesh. Their population of around 300,000 makes them the most populous tribe of Arunachal Pradesh. Polygyny is prevalent among the Nyishi. It signifies ones social status and economical stability. The Nyishi are agriculturalists who practice shifting cultivation. Cane and bamboo crafting is also very popular. They make beautiful ornaments and household articles out of these crafted materials.
The Aka, also known as Hrusso, are found in the state of Arunachal Pradesh. Their language belongs to the Tibeto-Burman family. The Aka people elect a chief, who often acts the role of the village headman. Polygamy is widely practiced, and cross-cousin marriages are accepted. The Aka practice shifting cultivation and rear domestic animals such as the Mithun. Temporary huts, accommodated by young boys, are built near the field to guard the crops from the animals.
The Lambadas tribe inhabiting the whole of AP. The Lambadas are the largest tribe in Andhra Pradesh. Lambadas live in exclusive settlements of their own called Tandas, usually away from the main village, tenaciously maintaining their cultural and ethnic identity. The Lambadas believe that the world is protected by a multitude of spirits-benign and malign. Hence the malignant spirits are periodically appeased through sacrifice and supplication.