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Rudolf "Rudi" Vrba (b. Walter Rosenburg, 11 September 1924 – 27 March 2006) was a professor of pharmacology at the University of British Columbia. Originally from Topoľčany, Slovakia, he is known for his escape, aged 19, from Auschwitz concentration camp in Nazi-occupied Poland during World War 2, and for providing some of the earliest, and most detailed, information about the mass murder that was taking place there.

A little-known English nun who helped to hide Italian Jews from the Nazis in wartime Rome is being considered as a possible saint. Mother Ricarda Beauchamp Hambrough is credited with playing a vital role in saving the lives of more than 60 Jews by smuggling them into her convent.

Dietrich Bonhoeffer (1906-1945) was a German Lutheran pastor, noted theologian, dissident anti-Nazi, and founding member of the Confessing Church. He strongly opposed Hitler's euthanasia program and the genocidal persecution of the Jews. He was arrested in April 1943 by the Gestapo and executed by hanging in April 1945 while imprisoned at the Flossenburg concentration camp, just 23 days before the German surrender.

nesbit: Dietrich Bonhoeffer.

The Bielski brothers,True Heroes! three Jewish brothers who saved 1200 Jews, by hiding in the forest for 2 years. Made into a film called ''Defiance'' starring Daniel Craig in 2010 #History #WWII

Khaled Abdul-Wahab (1911–1997) was a Tunisian man who saved several Jewish families from Nazi persecution during the Second World War. He was the first Arab nominated for "Righteous Among the Nations"

Khaled Abdul-Wahab - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Boruch Spiegel, in 1939 at the age of 19, who was one of the last surviving members of the Jewish resistance in the Warsaw Ghetto. Mr. Spiegel was on guard duty and gave the signal to attack the German army as they came liquidate the ghetto in April 1943. The ghetto residents antagonized the Nazis for 28 days. Mr. Spiegel escaped to safety and joined the Polish resistance. He died on May 7, 2013 at the age of 93.

Obit of the Day: Started the Warsaw Ghetto... • Obit of the Day

Tina Strobos, famous woman of the Dutch resistance who sheltered more than 100 Jews during the Holocaust, recently passed away at the age of 91. She risked her own life for total strangers. She found ingenious ways to forge travel documents. She let carpenters build hidden rooms in her own house. She was arrested multiple times and survived all the interrogations. Her house was searched multiple times. “ I believed in the sacredness of life.”

In 1940, knowing that France was falling into the hands of the Germans, the workers of the Louvre took action. All 400,000 works were evacuated and sent to the south of France. In secret they transported the priceless paintings and statues, and held by wealthy families in Vichy,where they would remain for five years, only returning at the end of the war.The workers without a doubt saved the masterpieces from becoming part of the over 5 million works that were looted by the Nazis during the war.

One of the few known photographs of French partisans being executed by soldiers of the Waffen-SS.

Once Upon a Time in War

"Zunia Shtrom, a Jewish partisan from the Kovno Ghetto."

Once Upon a Time in War

Dr. Adelaide "Heidi" Hautval of Strasbourg, France was arrested by the Nazis. Sent to Auschwitz, she witnessed the medical experiments and refused to participate. Transported to Ravensbruck, she again refused to participate in experiments. When the doctor said that Jews were different, she said, “In this camp, many people are different from me. You, for example.” She saved many lives by hiding the condemned as patients and stayed at the camp with Mme Vaillant-Couturier post war to care for sick.

A group portrait of some of the instigators of the Sobibor concentration camp uprising. On October 14, 1943, the prisoners of the camp attacked and disabled every single one of their prison guards at once - over 300 were able to escape.

History & Overview of Sobibor | Jewish Virtual Library

Tsar Boris III - Under King Boris III, Bulgaria was the only nation in Europe to save its entire Jewish population during the Holocaust. Boris was one of the few world leaders who defied Hitler face to face during the war, refusing multiple times to deliver his Jewish citizens beyond the borders of his kingdom. Saved the lives of over 50,000 Bulgarian Jews.

Tsar Boris III - Unifier and Savior of the Bulgarian Jews

WILHELM HOSENFELD (German army officer, helped to hide and rescue several Polish Jews in Nazi occupied Poland, most remembered for helping Polish-Jewish pianist and composer Władysław Szpilman to survive, hid in the ruins of Warsaw during the last months of 1944, captured and died in Soviet captivity in 1952 from injuries sustained during torture)

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Revenge at Birkenau: Jewish dancer and actress shoots SS man Schillinger fatally and injures SS man Emmerich on 10/23/43 in the undressing room of crematorium II before she and her fellow women were to be gassed. She did a strip tease in front of the lecherous Schillinger in order to distract him and grab his gun. She shot both men after successfully grabbing it.

Revenge at Birkenau

Finland-World War II, some 242,000 women join Lotta-Svard (named for fictional Finnish battlefield heroine), making the female paramilitary group the largest volunteer organization in the world.

Raoul Wallenberg, Swedish architect, businessman, diplomat, humanitarian. He rescued tens of thousands to one hundred thousand Jews in Nazi occupied Hungary by issuing protective passports and sheltering Jews in buildings designated as Swedish territory. He died in a Soviet prison in 1947. Monuments have been dedicated to and streets named after him.

Tina Strobos, famous woman of the Dutch resistance who sheltered more than 100 Jews during the Holocaust, recently passed away at the age of 91. She risked her own life for total strangers. She found ingenious ways to forge travel documents. She let carpenters build hidden rooms in her own house. She was arrested multiple times and survived all the interrogations. Her house was searched multiple times. “I never believed in God,” she said, “but I believed in the sacredness of life.”

Countess Karolina Lanckorońska (1898-2002) was a Polish World War II resistance fighter, historian and art historian. As member of Polish resistance she was arrested, interrogated, tortured, tried and sentenced to death at Stanisławów prison. Thanks to her family connections, she wasn't executed but was instead sent to the Ravensbrück concentration camp. Immediately after release in 1945, she wrote her war memoirs. Source: Wikipedia.

Jan Lipke, a dock worker from Riga, witnessed the mobile killing units at work in the Riga ghetto. He then decided to help as many Jews as possible to escape and took a job at a firm where Jews from the ghetto worked as forced laborers. Of the 40,000 Jews from Riga not even a hundred were alive at the liberation. Of these, 42 had been saved by Jan Lipke. WWII

The young and the old: These two Russian partisans are separated by at least 50 years of age. Considered not fit for military service, they did the next "best" thing, just like millions of others: They joined the non-uniformed fighters, accepting risks and privations often far exceeding those imposed on the regular military.

Berthold and Elise Beitz with their daughter. The Beitz family protected hundreds of Jews while living in Poland during WWII. Mr. Beitz created a list of 250 "essential employees" that he protected from transport to concentration camps. He was later honored with "Righteous Among the Nations" status by Yad Vashem in 1973; and Mrs. Beitz in 2006. Berthold Beitz died on July 30, 2013 at the age of 99.

In the summer of 1943, Myla Racine assumed command of an underground group affiliated with the Hanoar Hatzioni youth movement in St. Gervais, in the Italian occupation zone in France. She helped hundreds of families that had fled to the area, helping to smuggle children to Switzerland. She was caught on October 21, 1943 while smuggling children, imprisoned and tortured. She was later sent to Ravensbrück and then Mauthausen, where she was killed in an Allied air raid.

Milena Jesenska, Czech journalist, writer, editor and translator, who refused to abandon her Jewish friends and was deported with several of them to Ravensbruck concentration camp, where she died.