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Navajo woman weaving a rug in her hogan

Arizona Highways | The Western Apache.

Chief of the Mt. Cree Nation, 1887

Portrait of Goyathlay (One Who Yawns), called Geronimo, Medicine Man, Prophet and Leader, with Medal. Part of Athapascan, Chiricahua and Apache Tribes. Photographer: Delancey W. Gill From the Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of Ethnology: Native American Portrait Photographs, 1907 Collection Care of the Wisconsin Historical Society archives www.wisconsinhist...

Zitkala-Sa was a Yankton Sioux woman. She was well educated and went on to become an accomplished author, musician and composer - she wrote the first American Indian opera, The Sun Opera, in 1913. She went on to work for the reform of Indian policies in the United States

Porcupine - Cheyenne 1907 Long head dress.

Ute Indians. Chief Ouray and wife Chipeta.

Hattie Tom, Apache

Red Wing, a Crow Indian Brave. It was created in 1908 in Montana by Edward S. Curtis.

Sitting Bull and His Favorite Wife Sitting Bull posed here with his eighth wife, said to be his favorite.  Together they had six children.  Sitting Bull's wife was 30 years old at the time of this photograph, which was number five in a series of 24. Photographed in 1882 by Bailey, Dix & Mead

This Minneconjoux Sioux young man was named Scorched Lightening.  Note the magnificent string of large bear claws around his neck.  The bear was held in reverence among Northern Plains tribes and admired for its great strength and courage. Photographed by L. A. Huffman

There is an ancient Indian saying~ Something lives only as long as the last person who remembers it. My people have come to trust memory over history. Memory, like fire, is radiant & immutable while history serves only those who seek to control it, those who douse the flame of memory in order to put out the dangerous fire of truth. Beware these men for they are dangerous & unwise. Their false history is written in the blood of those who might remember & seek the truth.~Floyd 'Red Crow' Westerman

In 1817, some 6,000 of the Cherokee were persuaded by future president Andrew Jackson to voluntarily move to Arkansas Territory. But others resisted. Jackson when elected President in 1828, was committed to removing all Indians in the East and Southeast, by force if necessary. Congress passed the Indian Removal Act in 1830. The Cherokee fought it legally. But lost their case.

American Indians. A culture of wisdom and beauty and spirit.

Interior Doors, Nebraska State Capitol, Lincoln, Nebraska

North Dakota

Chief Red Fox

Native North American couple, Situwuka and Katkwachsnea 1912.

Ah-Weh-Eyu (Pretty Flower), Seneca Indian girl, 1908

Young Native American Girl (Lucille) - taken in 1907 by Edward S. Curtis.

19th century beaded Cheyenne Mocassins

During the 1860's, James Bama was 1 of 4 young Native American brothers, who were Pow-Wow dancers of the Plains Indians of the central lands. He and his brothers are most famous for their war dances, where these men are depicted as certain "bringers of death". The brothers were known to wear war bonnets made of eagle feathers- the eagle was recognized as the most powerful bird. These dances and headdresses are both items of magical and spiritual importantance for the Plains Indians.


Wolf hunter