Circa 3,100 BCE: A pictographic list of titles and professions in ancient Sumeria (top), with the scribe's signature on the reverse side (bottom.) Pictographic lexical lists written in ancient Sumerian pictographic script on clay tablets are the earliest literature known, and also the earliest known evidence of school and learning.
Labbacallee wedge tomb (Irish: Leaba Chaillí "Hag's Bed") is a large pre-historic burial monument, located 8 km (5.0 mi) north-west of Fermoy and 2 km (1.2 mi) south-east of Glanworth, County Cork, Ireland. It is the largest Irish wedge tomb and dates from roughly 2300 BCE
Prehistoric Flower Revived. A narrow-leaf campion, revived from the remains of 32,000-year-old fruit that was found buried within the fossilized burrows of ancient squirrels deep in the Siberian ice. Photographer: Svetlana Yashina via Bloomberg
Construction on the ancient "City of the Persians," or Persepolis, began around 518 B.C.E. on a site chosen by Darius I from lands conquered by Cyrus the Great. It took over 100 years to build and was one of the most magnificent cities in the ancient world. Persepolis is located 70 km northeast of the modern city of Shiraz in the Fars Province of present day Iran.
The Oldest Love Poem. The world’s oldest known love poem. According to the Sumerian belief, it was a sacred duty for the king to marry every year a priestess instead of Inanna, the goddess of fertility and sexual love, in order to make the soil and women fertile. This poem was most probably written by a bride chosen for Shu-Sin in order to be sung at the New Year festival and it was sung at banquets and festivals accompanied by music and dance. (Fascinating!)
This unfinished & uninscribed boundary stone (kudurru) is a symbol of the cosmos as conceived by the Kassites: a giant, two-horned snake (symbolizing the river of the underworld) encircles the foundations of an earthly palace, the towers & battlements of which rise upon its back; above them, a procession of minor deities play instruments & are accompanied by wild beasts; the next tier, marked by the emblems of the supreme deities, is heaven.