House of Plantagenet
William I de Normandie, the Conqueror, King of England, Plantagenet (1024 - 1087)
Plantagenet (14th century): Horizontal Braiding, Gorget Gorget--when a wimple is worn without a veil, pinned over hair coils on the side of the head (Fig. 19). Sometimes the coils were braided horizontally (Fig.18). Horizontal Braiding- popular in the mid 14th century, the head would go uncovered, but sometimes a fillet would support the plaits ( Fig. 22).
Born: 15-Jun-1330 Birthplace: Woodstock, England Died: 8-Jun-1376 Location of death: Westminster, England Cause of death: unspecified Remains: Buried, Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent, England
House of: Plantagenet Ascended to the throne: November 20, 1272 aged 33 years Crowned: August 19, 1274 at Westminster Abbey Married: (1) Eleanor, Daughter of Ferdinand III of Castile, (2) Margaret, Daughter of Philip III of France Children: Six sons including Edward II,and twelve daughters Died: July 7, 1307 at Burgh-by-Sands, Nr Carlisle, Cumbria, aged 68 years, and 19 days
The government of Isabella and Mortimer was so precarious that they dared not leave the deposed king in the hands of their political enemies. On 3 April, Edward II was removed from Kenilworth and entrusted to the custody of two subordinates of Mortimer, later imprisoned at Berkeley Castle in Gloucestershire where, it was generally believed, he was murdered by an agent of Isabella and Mortimer on 11 October 1327,
A mummified head that’s been floating through private collections for a few hundred years has been identified as the head of King Henry IV of France.
The Reign of Richard II, 1377 to 1399 He came to power as a boy and presided over revolt, pestilence and the outbreak of civil conflict in England.
King Henry V (1413-1422). House of Lancaster. 1st cousin 17 times removed to QE II. Reigned for 9 yrs, 5 mos, 11 days. Henry was knighted aged 12 by Richard II on his Irish expedition 1399 and experienced war early. He was wounded in the face by an arrow fighting against his military tutor Harry 'Hotspur' at Shrewsbury. Campaigns in Wales against Owen Glendywr taught him the realities of siege warfare. He was succeeded by his son Henry VI. A movie about him was released in 1989.
Name: King Henry V Father: Henry IV Mother: Mary de Bohun Born: August 9, 1387 at Monmouth Castle Ascended to the throne: March 20, 1413 aged 25 years Crowned: April 9, 1413 at Westminster Abbey Married: Catherine de Valois Children: One son Henry VI Died: August 31, 1422 at Vincennes, France, aged 35 years, and 21 days Buried at: Westminster
Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales House House of Lancaster Father Henry V Mother Catherine of Valois Born 6 December 1421 Windsor Castle, Berkshire Died 21 May 1471 (aged 49) Tower of London, London Burial Windsor Castle, Berkshire Signature
Edward IV. The first Yorkist King of England. As the direct descenent of Edward III's son Lionel of Antwerp, he argued that his claim to the throne was stronger than that of the Lancastrian descendents of John of Gaunt. He deposed Henry VI in 1461, but lost the throne in 1470. He defeated the Lancastrians in the field and ruled again from 1471 until his death in 1483.
House House of York Father Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York Mother Cecily Neville, Duchess of York Born 28 April 1442 Rouen, Normandy Died 9 April 1483 (aged 40) Westminster Burial St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle
Richard III of England was King for two years, from 1483 until his death in 1485 In August 1485 there was another rebellion against Richard, headed by Henry Tudor. Richard fell in the Battle of Bosworth Field, the last English king to die in battle (and the only king to die in battle on English soil since Harold II at the Battle of Hastings in 1066).
ssue Edward of Middleham, Prince of Wales House House of York Father Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York Mother Cecily Neville, Duchess of York Born 2 October 1452 Fotheringhay Castle, Northamptonshire Died 22 August 1485 (aged 32) Bosworth Field, Leicestershire Burial Greyfriars (Franciscan Friary), Leicester
Richard's position could not be secure whilst his nephews lived. There seems to be no reasonable doubt that early in August Edward V and his brother Richard (whom Elizabeth Woodville had been forced to surrender) were murdered by their uncle's orders in the Tower. Attempts have been made to clear Richard's memory. But the report of the princes' death was believed in England at the time, "for which cause king Richard lost the hearts of the people"