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This is Rose Valland, one of the heroes of Nazi-Occupied France. An employee of the Louvre, she kept records of the art stolen by Nazi officers—what was taken, from where, and by whom. She was instrumental in the postwar return of countless stolen pieces, and one of the most decorated women in French history.

Elfreth's Alley, Philadelphia ~ America's oldest residential street dating to the 1700s ► Leonardo da Vinci designed an armored car, a scythed chariot, a pile driver, a revolving crane, a pulley, a lagoon dredge, and a flying ship. ► Ancient Greek democracy lasted for only 185 years. ► OMG was first used in a letter from a British admiral to Winston Churchill in 1917. ► Potatoes were illegal in France between 1748 and 1772. ► Leonardo da Vinci invented the bicycle 300 years before it appeared on the road.

Crowns of England

Crowns | Royal Exhibitions

Christoph Probst and Alexander Schmorell of the Student Resistance Group "White Rose" (1941) The Munich-based "White Rose" has gone down in history as one of the best-known Nazi resistance groups. In 1942 and 1943, group members distributed a series of broadsheets publicizing the crimes of the Nazi regime. In doing so, they hoped to move the German people to active resistance by appealing to their sense of moral duty.

20 historic black and white photos, colorized.

An American war worker at Lockheed’s Burbank P-38 facility. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941, the United States’ national war production—from aircraft, to tanks, to ammunition—found itself as high is 260%. There wasn’t any part of the United States’ that wasn’t involved in the war effort as the consumer market seemingly disappeared over night. George Washington was the only president who was unanimously elected. ► M&Ms were created in 1941 as a means for soldiers to enjoy chocolate without it melting.

Lady Sarah Forbes Bonetta Davies, photographed by Camille Silvy, 1862 Sarah Forbes Bonetta Davies was a child born into a royal West African dynasty. She was orphaned in 1848, when her parents were killed in a slave-hunting war. She was around five years old. In 1850, Sarah was taken to England and presented to Queen Victoria as a “gift” from the King of Dahomey. She became the queen’s goddaughter and a celebrity known for her extraordinary intelligence.

"Queen Elizabeth oak", East Sussex. You might think this 1,000 year old tree is just a tree but according to local history, it's a very special tree! When Queen Elizabeth I journeyed to Rye in August 1573, she sat under this tree and ate a meal. She changed her shoes of green damask silk with a 5" heel and pointed toe and left them behind as a memento of her visit. The shoes are still in existence and are shown on special occasions. They are kept at Brickwall, a Jacobean House in the village.

Princess Elizabeth’s, later Queen Elizabeth I, letter to her sister Queen Mary I. Written just before she was taken to the Tower.

1945 - The Liner, the "Queen Elizabeth," bringing American troops into NY Harbor at the end of WW II.

"I have tried to read philosophers of all ages and have found many illuminating ideas but no steady progress toward deeper knowledge and understanding. Science, however, gives me the feeling of steady progress: I am convinced that theoretical physics is actual philosophy. It has revolutionized fundamental concepts... and it has taught us new methods of thinking... which are applicable far beyond physics." ~ Max Born (1882-1970) Vincent Van Gogh sold exactly one painting while he was alive, Red Vineyard at Arles.

A Rich Woman Abandoned This Apartment In 1942. What They Just Found Inside Is Incredible.

Leonardo Da Vinci invented the modern scissor - two separate pieces that have a central pivoting point.