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The Holocaust in Hungary

March 2014 marks the 70th anniversary of the German occupation of Hungary. Prior to the occupation, Hungarian Jews experienced legal discrimination, and able-bodied Jewish men were subject to compulsory labor. Under the German occupation, Hungarian Jews were further persecuted. Many were forced to live in ghettos, or were deported to Auschwitz and other camps.

Gyula and Flora Breuer sit for a studio portrait in Kolombus, Hungary. They are wearing Star of David badges. July 1944

Jewish women and children deported from Hungary, separated from the men, line up for selection. Auschwitz camp, Poland, May 1944.

Studio portrait of Karl Somlo wearing the Jewish star in Budapest. 1944.

Jewish women and children deported from Hungary, separated from the men, line up for selection. Auschwitz camp, Poland, May 1944.

Portrait of Anna Csech (later Klein), a member of the Hungarian Zionist youth resistance organization. 1944.

Class portrait of students and teachers in the fourth grade of the Jewish high school in Budapest. 1941-1942.

Jewish conscripts in Company 108/57 of the Hungarian Labor Service at forced labor clearing snow from a road. 1941-1942.

A Jewish child from Slovakia poses with the Hungarian woman who hid her in Budapest during the last six months of the war. 1944-1945.

A letter of protection (Schutzpass), issued by the Swedish legation in Budapest, to the Hungarian Jew Lili Katz. The document bears the init...

A father and son, wearing a Jewish badge, in front of their machine shop in the Debrecen ghetto. 1944.

The cover of a notebook created by Dorottya Dezsoefi while in hiding.

Portrait of Klara (Maislis) Swimmer wearing a yellow star. Hungary, 1944.

Portrait of Bezalel Adler, a member of the Hungarian Zionist youth resistance organization. 1944.

Jewish men in a Hungarian forced labor battalion stand inside and along side a train. Friday, June 18, 1943.

A sign posted at the entrance to the Jewish quarter in Budapest. The Hungarian text reads, "Entrance forbidden to Christians." 1944.

Hungarian police arrest Jewish resister, Robert Mandel, in Budapest.December 1, 1944.

A group of Hungarian Jews rescued from deportation by Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg. Budapest, Hungary, November 1944.

Jewish men perform forced labor digging on the side of a road in Debrecen. 1940-1944.

Portrait of Aladar Barber as a Jewish conscript in a Hungarian labor battalion in Sopronbanfalva. 1944-1945.

Studio portrait of Moshe Stern taken in Budapest 1944 prior to his starting forced labor.

Deportation of Jews. Koszeg, Hungary, July 1944.

A Jewish man wearing a yellow star reads newly posted antisemitic regulations in Budapest. Hungary, 1944.