Celtic & Arthurian Legends & Mythology
The legends, gods and goddesses from Irish and Celtic interweave with some of the stories from Arthurian legends to give a rich insight to the UK and Ireland
Merlin first appears in extant records (Armes Prydein, Y Gododdin) from the early 10th century as a mere prophet, but his role gradually evolved into that of magician, prophet and advisor, active in all phases of the administration of King Arthur's kingdom.
In Celtic mythology, Arianrhod, goddess of the Silver Wheel, carries the souls of the deceased to Emania. Arianrhod is associated with and can transform into an Owl, and through the eyes of the Owl, can see the truth in the human soul.
The Bean-Nighe or "Washing Woman" is a type of Banshee who haunts the lonely streams of Ireland, washing the blood-stained garments of those about to die. It is said that these spirits are the ghosts of women who died in childbirth and that they are fated to perform their task until the day when they would have normally died.
Brighid (pronounced BREED) is the Celtic Goddess of Fire. She rules over many types of fire—the fire of the forge (as Goddess of smithcraft and metal working), the fire of the hearth (as Goddess of healing), and the fire of creativity (as Goddess of poetry). Brighid is seen as a triple Goddess, and she is associated with three different spheres—high (leaping flames, tall forts, wisdom), middle (hearth and home), and low (wells and sacred springs).
Celtic tribes taken from Ptolemy's Map of Ireland.
Legend states that Merlin assisted Uther Pendragon in disguising himself to seduce and conceive of Arthur with the Lady Igraine. Once born, Merlin took the babe and fostered him out to be raised by another family, so that Merlin could advise and prepare the future king of Camelot.
Druantia is the Celtic Goddess of Fir Trees and Fertility. Her names derives from the Indo-European root “deru” meaning tree or wood. Also called the Queen of the Druids, Druantia is associated with the fertility of both plants and humans, ruling over sex and passion. She is credited with the creation of the Celtic tree calendar, which divides the year into 13 months that correspond to the cycles of the moon.
Fódla (pronounced FO-la) is the Celtic Goddess of the power of Ireland. She is one of the Tuatha de Danaan, the people of the Goddess Danu. When the Milesians arrived in Ireland and conquered them, Fódla and her two sisters, Ériu and Banba, all asked that the island be named for them. Ériu won the request, but Fódla’s name continued to be used on occasion. Fódla’s husband MacCecht was one of the last kings of the Tuatha de Danaan. Fódla’s name, which means “a sod of earth,”
Arianrhod is the Celtic Goddess of the Moon, the Stars and the Sky. She has also been known by such other names, as Margawse or Morgause, and by such titles as the Goddess of Childbirth, Magick, Justice and the Night. In Wales, Arianrhod takes on other attributes as well, when she becomes the Goddess of the Wheel of the Year and the Goddess of the Full Moon, Destiny, Fertility, Death and Reincarnation. What is extremely important is the fact that Arianrhod is also the Goddess of Feminine Power,