Nellie Bly (real name Elizabeth Jane Cochran, above) was a 23-year-old journalist without a job when she walked into the offices of Joseph Pulitzer’s New York World in 1887 and was given the daunting assignment of exposing the horrors of the Blackwell’s Island Insane Asylum. She rehearsed feverishly. She played mad. “Undoubtedly demented… a hopeless case,” said one of the doctors who admitted her. But inside the asylum she chronicled the awful food and awful conditions that spurred reform.
Queen Elizabeth's mother-in-law. Princess Alice of Battenberg (1885-1969) was the mother of Prince Philip. She was born deaf, but read lips in several languages. She married Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark in 1903 and had 5 children. Her family was exiled from Greece in 1917. Her later years were devoted to charity and she founded the order of nuns known as the Christian Sisterhood of Martha and Mary.