A celestial, bicephalic monster, a dragonlike beast with a crocodilian head or heads. Shell with jade inserts. Also represents a later version of the crocodile tree, probably the character from the "Popol Vuh," the Mayan Book of the Dead, known as Zipacna, one of the sons of Vucub Caquix. Its body can have several forms. Usually the rear head is a Quadrapartite God. Venus signs often mark the front head. The Cosmic Monster personified the Milky Way in its east-west configuration.
Túpac Amaru II (José Gabriel Túpac Amaru b. March 19, 1742 in Surimana-Canas, Cuzco, Viceroyalty of Peru – executed in Cuzco May 18, 1781) was a leader of an indigenous uprising in 1780 against the Spanish in Peru. Although unsuccessful, he later became a mythical figure in the Peruvian struggle for independence and indigenous rights movement and an inspiration to a myriad of causes in Peru.