Women who have changed the world

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Women who have changed the world

Women who have changed the world

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On Sep 13, 1944, a princess from India lay dead at Dachau concentration camp. She had been tortured by the Nazis, then shot in the head. Her name was Noor Inayat Khan. The Germans knew her only as Nora Baker, a British spy who had gone into occupied France using the code name Madeline. She carried her transmitter from safe house to safe house with the Gestapo trailing her, providing communications for her Resistance unit.

Home For Sale in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

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101 years before Rosa Parks and Claudette Colvin, an African American woman named Elizabeth Jennings refused to be removed from a New York City trolley. Her case in the Brooklyn Circuit Court led to the desegregation of all NYC trolley lines. Her attorney? Future president Chester A. Arthur

The Schoolteacher on the Streetcar - New York Times

nytimes.com

1858 – She refused to give up her seat or ride in the “colored” section of a segregated trolley car in Philadelphia (100 years before Rosa Parks) and wrote one her most famous poems, “Bury Me In A Free Land,” when she got very sick while on a lecturing tour. Her short story “The Two Offers” became the first short story to be published by an African American.

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The Nobel Peace Prize 1997: International Campaign to Ban Landmines , Jody Williams. Prize motivation: "for their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines"

Jody Williams - Facts

nobelprize.org

Helen Brooke Taussig (1898-1986) was an American cardiologist, working in Baltimore and Boston, who founded the field of pediatric cardiology. Notably, she is credited with developing the concept for a procedure that would extend the lives of children born with Tetrology of Fallot (also known as blue baby syndrome). This concept was applied in practice as a procedure known as the Blalock-Taussig shunt.

Pediatric Cardiologist, Helen B. Taussig

medicalarchives.jhmi.edu

In 1967, Kathrine Switzer was the first woman to run the Boston marathon. After realizing that a woman was running, race organizer Jock Semple went after Switzer shouting, “Get the hell out of my race and give me those numbers.” However, Switzer’s boyfriend and other male runners provided a protective shield during the entire marathon.The photographs taken of the incident made world headlines, and Kathrine later won the 1974 NYC marathon (women's division) with a time of 3:07:29.

SWITZER TO LAUNCH AUTOBIOGRAPHY AT BOSTON MARATHON

letsrun.com

The story of how a seventeen year old girl broke the gender barrier and played semipro baseball in 1907. (Follow link)

Alta "Girl Wonder" Weiss

historybyzim.com

(1858-1964) Anna Julia Cooper was an educator, author, activist and one of the most prominent African American scholars in US history. She gave voice to African-Americans during the 19th and 20th centuries, from the end of slavery to the beginning of the Civil Rights Movement. Cooper studied French literature and history before enrolling as a doctoral student at Columbia University in 1914 while remaining a full-time teacher. She was only the 4th African-American woman in the US to earn a Ph.D.

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Gwenllian Ferch Gruffydd (1097-1136) Welsh princess and shield-maiden that led an army against Norman-English forces at Kidwelly Castle. She was beheaded as a warning to the other princes of wales. After this, Wales unified and drove out the Norman invaders.

Hotties from History

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Sarah Smith Tompkins Garnet (7/31/1831- 9/17//1911) was born to prosperous farmers in Brooklyn and taught at the African Free School before she became the first female African American principal in the New York City public schools. She was married to abolitionist Henry Highland Garnet and her sister, Susan McKinney Steward, was the first female African American physician in New York. #TodayInBlackHistory

couples | (Racial) Stereoype: A Visual Studies Blog

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World War II "girls" with their Airedales. These Airedales were used in World War II as sentry (guard) dogs. This photo most likely is English. Members of the Women Auxiliary Territorial Services cared for the dogs and exercised them; although the actual training was done by men (remember, this was in the forties)

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1948 - First Black woman to win an Olympic gold medal: Alice Coachman

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Sacajawea. So much is left out. Like, Jean Baptiste, her French trapper "husband" was a useless douche, disliked by L She was his slave, one of two 11 year old girls he won in a game. (from Indians who had attacked her tribe and kidnapped her). Those blue beads she wears were her most valued posession. L took them from her to barter with other Indians. No record of her reaction. Her death is cloudy, but it likely happened due to disease, just a few years after the L voyage.

Sacajawea (1787 - 1812)

findagrave.com

Dorothy Height, (March 24, 1912 – April 20, 2010) an American administrator and educator, was a civil rights and women's rights activist specifically focused on the issues of African-American women, including unemployment, illiteracy, and voter awareness. She was the president of the National Council of Negro Women for forty years and was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1994 and the Congressional Gold Medal in 2004.

Quotes from African American Women

womenshistory.about.com

Anne Wiggins Brown (8/09/1912 - 3/13/2009) was the first African American voice student at Julliard. While still a student she worked with George Gershwin as he was writing "Porgy and Bess", greatly expanding the role of Bess, which she played on Broadway. While on tour she refused to sing for segregated audiences, thus integrating Washington's National Theater for one night in 1936. She spent most of her career in Europe, becoming a Norwegian citizen in 1948. #TodayInBlackHistory

AFROCENTRIC VOICES: Anne Wiggins Brown Biography

afrovoices.com

Victoria Claflin Woodhull, born in 1838, married at age fifteen to an alcoholic and womanizer. She became the first woman to establish a brokerage firm on Wall Street and played an active role in the woman's suffrage movement. She became the first woman to run for President of the United States in 1872. Her name is largely lost in history. Few recognize her name and accomplishments.

Institute pokes holes in the glass ceiling

sfgate.com

The Chicago police labeled her “more dangerous than a thousand rioters.” For almost 70 years, Lucy Parsons fought for the rights of the poor and disenfranchised in the face of an increasingly oppressive industrial economic system. Her radical activism challenged the racist and sexist sentiment in a time when it was assumed that women were biologically determined to stay at home barefoot and pregnant.

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Famous Speech Friday: Ida B. Wells's 1909 "This Awful Slaughter," the keynote speech at the first meeting of the NAACP, about her anti-lynching campaign.

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While most people remember Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King, they forget that the Montgomery Bus Boycott succeeded because of the participation of tens of thousands of ordinary people. These women and men risked their lives and jobs to keep the boycott alive. Many, like this woman, walked instead of riding the segregated buses.

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Early portrait of Alabama author, political activist, and equal rights pioneer Helen Keller, Sheffield, Alabama, United States, 1888, photograph by Deane and Turner portraitists.

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Gabrielle Douglas- Gabby is the first woman of color of any nationality & the first African-American gymnast in Olympic history to become the Individual All-Around Champion.

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[Helen] Beatrix Potter, Mrs William Heelis (1866–1943). She was the author of the Peter Rabbit book, among many others. When she died in 1943, she left over 4,000 acres of land, 16 farms, cottages and herds of cattle and Herdwick sheep to the British National Trust. Hers was the largest gift at that time to the National Trust, and it enabled the preservation of the lands now included in the Lake District National Park and the continuation of fell farming. The central office of the National Trust

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MARTHA ANN RICKS, was born a Slave, in TN, about 1817. At 13, she and her family were returned to Africa by the Tennessee Colonization Society who felt Free Blacks should not be allowed to remain in North America. Inspired by Queen Victoria’s stance on Slavery, Ricks was determined to make a quilt for the Queen. Over twenty five years, she worked on the cotton silk quilt. At age 76, she sailed to England and was presented at court on July 16, 1892, presenting her quilt to the Queen.

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Awesome

Ultrafacts.tumblr.com : Photo

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Mary Edwards Walker - feminist, abolitionist, prohibitionist, spy, prisoner of war and surgeon. The only woman ever to receive the Medal of Honor.

File:Mary edwards walker.jpg

americancivilwar.com