Confederate Revolver Le Mat 1856. The LeMat revolver was a .42 or .36 caliber cap & ball black powder revolver invented by Dr. Jean Alexandre LeMat of New Orleans, which featured an unusual secondary 16 gauge smooth-bore barrel capable of firing buckshot. It saw service with the armed forces of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War of 1861–65.
LeMat Pinfire Revolver One of the favorite pistols of the American Civil War, at least for certain officers like General J.E.B Stuart on the Confederate side, was the LeMat revolver. Capable of firing regular conical or round bullets from nine cylinder chambers, the LeMat also could discharge a load of buckshot from a lower barrel.
Bloodstains and Bullet Holes: Rare Civil War Artifacts by Henry Leutwyler
A Savage revolver, one of 20,000 manufactured during the Civil War with the vast majority used by Union soldiers and a LeMat revolver, developed by Dr. Jean Alexandre LeMat of New Orleans, LA. and used by the Confederates.
Civil War Artifacts by Henry Leutwyler | LightBox | TIME.com
Civil War pinfire pistol from Gettysburg Battlefield. Invented in 1828 by a Frenchman by the name of Casimir Lefaucheux, it was one of the earliest practical designs of a metallic cartridge. The pinfire history is closely associated with the development of the breech-loader which replaced older muzzle loading weapons.
LEMAT “THE GRAPESHOT PISTOL”: Although invented in America, these pistols were manufactured in Liege, Belgium, as well as in Paris and London. The LeMat design offered enhanced firepower that was especially effective in close combat situations. In addition to a rifled upper barrel, these single-action percussion revolvers were also fitted with a separately-fired smoothbore lower barrel that contained a buckshot load.