American women pilots were used to tow targets for antiaircraft practice. Male pilots assigned to this duty would fly off and perform aerobatics. The Germans said that the female Soviet fighters were much more savage than the men. The weaker sex, HAH!!
Ruby Bridges, the first African-American child to attend an all-white elementary school in the American South, escorted by U.S. Marshals dispatched by President Eisenhower for her safety, 14 November, 1960
In Nov 1990 LIFE published a photograph of a young man named David Kirby — his body wasted by AIDS, his gaze locked on something beyond this world — surrounded by anguished family members as he took his last breaths. The haunting image of Kirby on his death bed, taken by a journalism student named Therese Frare, quickly became the one photograph most powerfully identified w/ the HIV/AIDS epidemic that, by then, had seen millions of people infected (many of them unknowingly) around the globe.
Last gay Jewish Holocaust survivor dies | The Jerusalem Post Gad Beck, an anti-Nazi Zionist resistance fighter and the last known gay Jewish survivor of the Holocaust, died on Sunday in Berlin. … Perhaps the single most important experience that shaped his life was the wartime effort to rescue his boyfriend. Beck donned a Hitler Youth uniform and entered a deportation center to free his Jewish lover Manfred Lewin, who had declined to separate himself from his family.
labor history, June 30, 1928: Alabama outlaws the leasing of convicts to mine coal, a practice that had been in place since 1848. In 1898, 73 percent of the state’s total revenue came from this source; 25 percent of all African-American leased convicts died.
Today in labor history, May 30, 1937: In what would become known as the Memorial Day Massacre, police open fire on striking steelworkers, their families, and supporters who were marching to the Republic Steel plant in South Chicago to set up a picket line. The police killed ten people and pursued those fleeing the attack, wounding many more; no one was ever prosecuted.
Today in labor history, May 26, 1937: Ford security attack union organizers and supporters attempting to distribute literature outside the plant in Dearborn, MI. They then tried to destroy the pictures photographers had taken that documented the attack, which became known as the “Battle of the Overpass.” The photos that survived inspired the Pulitzer committee to establish a prize for photography.
In the cellar of the Race Institute in Frankfurt, Germany, Chaplain Samuel Blinder examines one of hundreds of “Saphor Torahs” (Sacred Scrolls), among the books stolen from every occupied country in Europe., 07/06/1945