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Today in History - 1950s
Moments in aviation and space history from the 1950s.
Today in History - 1950s
- 41 Pins
65 Years Ago Today: The Korean War began. Pictured here is one of the key aircraft from this war - the United States’ first swept-wing fighter aircraft, the F-86A Sabre. Listen as F-86 pilot and Museum docent Lt. Gen. William Earl Brown describes flying the F-86 Sabre against the MiG-15 in the Korean War, and MiG-15 pilot Ken Rowe, gives his view on the two aircraft: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZdAyerfTNQE&
65 Years Ago Today: The Korean War began. Pictured here is one of the key aircraft from this war - the United States’ first swept-wing fighter aircraft, the F-86A Sabre. Listen as F-86 pilot and Museum docent Lt. Gen. William Earl Brown describes flying the F-86 Sabre against the MiG-15 in the Korean War, and MiG-15 pilot Ken Rowe, gives his view on the two aircraft: www.youtube.com/...;
A19620066000Cp09 Jpg 2000 1329, Pilots Ken, F 86A Sabr, Earl Brown, Describ Flying, Air, Brown Describ, War, Mig 15 Pilots
June 8, 1959: Scott Crossfield made the first unpowered glide flight of North American X-15. The North American X-15 rocket-powered research aircraft bridged the gap between crewed flight within the atmosphere and crewed flight beyond the atmosphere into space. After completing its initial test flights in 1959, the X-15 became the first winged aircraft to attain velocities of Mach 4, 5, and 6 (four, five, and six times the speed of sound). See it on display at our Museum in DC.
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National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution New on the Blog: In “The X-15,” curator John Anderson recounts how the X-15 opened a new chapter in the history of the airplane – the age of hypersonic flight: http://bit.ly/1iMllXi Image Caption: See the North American X-15 pictured here on display in the “Milestones of Flight” gallery at the Museum in Washington, DC.
The National Air and Space Museum
North American X-15 | National Air and Space Museum
January 4, 1958: Today in 1958: Sputnik, the world's first artificial satellite, burned up on reentry into the Earth's atmosphere after spending three months in orbit. This is the last surviving piece of Sputnik — the arming pin. Removed just prior to launch, it prevented contact between the batteries and transmitters. A pin mounted on the launch vehicle served the same purpose until the satellite separated from the launcher in orbit.
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Gotta love space history and all the tech that has went into it over the years! Check it out. https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10151232569277797=a.390621412796.175912.9739297796=1
Sputnik Arming Key
Sputnik Arming Key in Space Race | National Air and Space Museum
October 12, 1952: Our Douglas DC-3 made its last commercial flight from San Salvador to Miami. See it on display in our "America by Air" exhibition at the Museum in Washington, DC.
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At the popular National Air and Space Museum, your museum guide will acquaint you with landmark icons of aviation and aeorospace. During your tour you’ll see the Wright Brothers Flyer, Charles Lindbergh’s Spirit of St. Louis, the Apollo 11 lunar lander test vehicle, and the X-1 supersonic Glamorous Glennis, which pilot Chuck Yeager flew to be the first to break the sound barrier.
NASM | The most successful airliner in history, the Douglas DC-3 dominated both commercial and military air transportation from its introduction in 1935 until after World War II. (Douglas DC-3 in America by Air Gallery)
History Events In America | Douglas DC-3 in America by Air Gallery - Image Detail
July 15, 1954: The Boeing 367-80, also known as the Dash 80, made its first flight. The Dash 80 was the prototype for the 707, America's first jet airliner. See it on display at the Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA.
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Boeing 367-80 Jet Transport - Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum
Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum - Google+ - The Boeing 367-80, also known as the Dash 80. The Dash 80 was the prototype for the 707, America's first jet airliner. See it on display at the Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA: http://bit.ly/1nDEM7P
Boeing 367-80 Jet Transport | National Air and Space Museum
April 9, 1959 - NASA introduced the Project Mercury astronauts to the world. Known as the Mercury Seven or Original Seven, they are (front row, left to right) Walter M. "Wally" Schirra Jr., Donald K. "Deke" Slayton, John H. Glenn Jr., M. Scott Carpenter, (back row) Alan B. Shepard Jr., Virgil I. "Gus" Grissom and L. Gordon Cooper, Jr. Image credit: NASA
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We wanted to know everything about the the Mercury Seven Astronauts while they prepared for space travel. Back row: Shepard, Grissom, Cooper; front row: Schirra, Slayton, Glenn, Carpenter. This was the only photo they appeared together in their pressure suits and was taken in 1960.
On this Day in History, April 9, 1959: NASA introduced America’s first astronauts who became known as the Original Seven (pictured) and were chosen for the country’s first space program "Project Mercury" Alan Shepard, Gus Grissom, John Glenn, Scott Carpenter, Wally Schirra, Gordon Cooper and Deke Slayton.
Project Mercury astronauts at Langley Air Force Base, Virginia: (top, left to right) Alan Shepard, Gus Grissom, Gordon Cooper; (bottom left to right) Wally Schirra, Deke Slayton, John Glenn and Scott Carpenter. dad worked here and we lived across the canal from langley (cr)
Mercury 7 Astronauts | National Air and Space Museum
On March 5, 1953, Polish Air Force pilot Lt. Franciszek Jarecki defected in a MiG-15 by flying to Bornholm, Denmark. It was the first intact MiG to reach the West. Jarecki wore this flight suit during his daring flight to freedom.
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Pioneer 4 launched on March 3, 1959 and flew by the Moon the next day. This unflown duplicate of Pioneer 4 contains batteries to power its radio transmitter, a cosmic radiation counter, and other instruments. A gold-plated cone covers the instruments and serves as a communications antenna. #TimeNav
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Dual chamber, liquid-fuel engine assembly that powered the first stage of the two-stage Titan 1 intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM).
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Shown here is the duel chamber, liquid-fuel engine assembly that powered the first stage of the two-stage Titan I ICBM. Image credit: Smithsonian National Air & Space Museum
February 6, 1959: The first successful flight of the Titan I intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). | Source: FAS.org
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On this day in history, 1959, the U.S. Air Force launched the first Titan I intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) from Cape Canaveral Launch Complex 15. The 10 foot diameter missile had a range of approximately 6,300 miles. It was the United ...
Supersonic RM-10 aerodynamic research vehicle used either on internally mounted solid fuel Deacon rocket to boost it or a double Deacon mounted at the rear of the model. The RM-10 was used by the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) for supersonic heat testing from 1947 to 1955 at the NACA's Langley Aeronautical Laboratory, Wallops Island, Virginia.
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February 6, 1951: Technician Durwood Dereng measures elevation of double Deacon booster prior to launch of RM-10 research model at Wallops. | Photo credit: NASA
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Grandaddy Dereng February 6, 1951: Technician Durwood Dereng measures elevation of double Deacon booster prior to launch of RM-10 research model at Wallops. | Photo credit: NASA
On November 3, 1957, Laika became the first living being launched into orbit aboard Sputnik 2.
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September 9, 1959: "Big Joe" unoccupied Mercury capsule launches on suborbital flight. It was the second flight in the Mercury program and first using an Atlas booster. This image shows "Big Joe" atop the Atlas rocket readied for launch. The capsule was recovered in the Atlantic. It is on display at the Udvar-Hazy Center. Photo credit: NASA
September 9, 1959: "Big Joe" unoccupied Mercury capsule launches on suborbital flight. It was the second flight in the Mercury program and first using an Atlas booster. This image shows "Big Joe" atop the Atlas rocket readied for launch. The capsule was recovered in the Atlantic. "Big Joe" is on display at the Udvar-Hazy Center. | Photo credit: NASA
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Mercury test capsule atop an Atlas-D booster.
Big Joe had a successful yet failed test flight in 1959. In this historical photo from the U.S. space agency, Big Joe is ready for launch at Cape Canaveral, FL. The objective of "Big Joe" was to test the ablating heatshield. The flight was both a success and failure – the heatshield survived reentry and was in remarkably good condition when retrieved from the Atlantic. The Atlas-D booster, however, failed to stage and separated too late from the Mercury capsule.
Big Joe, a test rocket, had a successful yet failed test flight in 1959.
Lt Colonel John Stapp made his second run on the Sonic Wind 1 rocket sled, which attained a speed of approximately 735 feet per second, on August 20, 1954.
August 20, 735 Feet, Lt Colonel, Rockets Sled, Colonel John, John Stapp, Sonic Wind
National Air and Space Museum
On July 12, 1957, Dwight D. Eisenhower became the first president to employ a helicopter while in office riding in this Bell H-13J, now on display at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center
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The first presidential helicopter, USAF H-13J-BF Sioux 57-2729,
June 25,1950: The Korean War began. The Navy's experience in the Korean War showed the need for a new long-range strike aircraft with high subsonic performance at very low altitude. The Grumman A-6 Intruder was designed with these needs in mind. See the Grumman A-6 Intruder pictured here at the Udvar-Hazy Center: s.si.edu/14uTemH
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The Navy's experience in the Korean War showed the need for a new long-range strike aircraft with high subsonic performance at very low altitude. The Grumman A-6 Intruder was designed with these needs in mind. See the Grumman A-6 Intruder pictured here at the Udvar-Hazy Center.
On June 8, 1959: The U.S. Navy attempted its first and last mail delivery via missile. A Regulus I missile was launched from the USS Barbero carrying two blue and red metal containers with 3,000 letters inside. | via Evelyn Spencer Postal Museum
National Postal Museum
Able, a rhesus monkey, in the capsule and couch that carried her on a suborbital flight inside the nose cone of a Jupiter rocket launched on May 28, 1959. Able flew with Baker, a squirrel monkey, on the Able-Baker Mission. Both monkeys survived the flight and returned to Earth unharmed.
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Baker, a squirrel monkey, perches on a model of the Jupiter rocket that launched her into space on a sub-orbital flight, along with a rhesus monkey named Able, on May 28, 1959.
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Baker on Jupiter Model
Somewhat less known than the Soviet's dog Laika and the United States' chimpanzee Ham, a squirrel money named Baker was launched into space on a suborbital flight aboard a Jupiter missile on May 28, 1959. None the worse for his space trek, Baker lived to the ripe old age of 27. Photograph: NASM.
On May 18, 1953: Jacqueline "Jackie" Cochran became the first woman to break the sound barrier. Here, she sits in the cockpit of a F-86 Sabre jet talking to Chuck Yeager. | Photo credit: US Air Force
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Several people involved with the development of the F-86, including the chiefaerodynamicist for the project and one of its other test pilots, claimed that North Americantest pilot George Welch had unofficially broken the sound barrier in a dive with the XP-86 while on a test flight on 1 October 1947.Chuck Yeager broke the sound barrier on 14 October 1947 in the rocket-propelled Bell X-1during level flight, making it the first true supersonic aircraft. Five years later, on 18 May 1953, Jacqueline Cochran became the first woman to break the sound barrier, flying a "one-off" Canadian-built F-86 Sabre Mk 3, alongside Chuck Yeager. Col. K. K. Compton won the 1951 Bendix air race in an F-86A with an average speed of 553.76 mph.
Jacqueline Cochran (1906-1980). "Cochran made her initial mark in aviation by winning numerous air races and setting speed and altitude records in the 1930s. In 1942 she was tapped to form the Women’s Air Force Service Pilots—the WASPS, who transported some 12,650 military aircraft in the unit’s two years of service. After World War II, Cochran returned to racing and records; in 1953, she was the first woman to exceed Mach 1, breaking the “sound barrier” in an F-86 Sabrejet."
Chelsey Bonestell's mural "Lunar Landscape" was unveiled at the Boston Museum's Haydon Planetarium on March 28, 1957. It is now in our collection.