Today in History - 1960s

Moments in aviation and space history from the 1960s.


Back to
Today in History - 1960s

Today in History - 1960s

  • 169 Pins

July 23, 1962: Telstar relayed a live, transatlantic television extravaganza of programming from across the US and Europe, including a news conference by President John F. Kennedy. At the time, television anchor Walter Cronkite noted that the satellite made the “White House and the Kremlin no farther apart than the speed of light.” Pictured here is a backup spacecraft to Telstar 1 and 2 that's set to become part of our transformed Boeing #MilestonesofFlight Hall.

Communications Satellite, Telstar | National Air and Space Museum

airandspace.si.edu

July 20, 1969: airandspacemuseum#Apollo11 Lunar Module (LM) "Eagle" landed on the Moon carrying astronauts #NeilArmstrong and #BuzzAldrin. This LM-2 was modified to appear like "Eagle."

National Air and Space Museum on Instagram: “#Apollo11 Lunar Module (LM) "Eagle" landed on the Moon this day 46 years ago carrying astronauts #NeilArmstrong and #BuzzAldrin. This LM-2…”

instagram.com

July 16, 1969: #Apollo11 astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, Michael Collins, and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin launched in this command module on the first mission to land humans on the Moon.

National Air and Space Museum on Instagram: “Today in 1969: #Apollo11 astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, Michael Collins, and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin launched in this command module on the…”

instagram.com

55 Years Ago Today: GRAB-1, the world's first successful reconnaissance satellite, was launched. Pictured here is the backup model for GRAB-1 on display in the "Space Race" gallery at our Museum in Washington, DC.

National Air and Space Museum

airandspace.si.edu

June 3, 1965: Astronaut Edward H. White II became the first American to perform a "spacewalk." White did so during the four-day Gemini IV mission. Gemini IV was the second of ten manned Gemini missions, which perfected the techniques of spacecraft rendezvous and docking, and demonstrated that astronauts could withstand prolonged weightlessness for the planned Apollo missions to the Moon. #Spacewalk50

Ed White performing the first EVA | National Air and Space Museum

airandspace.si.edu

March 18, 1965: Aleksei Leonov became the first human to perform a spacewalk. Explore 50 years of spacewalks with the website for our latest exhibition, “Outside the Spacecraft: 50 Years of Extra-Vehicular Activity”. #Spacewalk50

National Air and Space Museum on Instagram: “50 Years Ago Today: Aleksei Leonov became the first human to perform a spacewalk: http://bit.ly/spacewalk50_floating Explore 50 years of…”

airandspace.si.edu

Fueling Saturn - drawing by NASA artist Paul Sample created January 27, 1964.

Fueling Saturn | National Air and Space Museum

airandspace.si.edu

December 27, 1968: Apollo 8 splashed down in Pacific, returning the first astronauts to travel to the Moon and back safely to Earth. This communications carrier was used by mission commander Frank Borman during the Apollo 8 mission. Communications carriers were worn throughout the mission, and affectionately known as the "Snoopy Cap" from its resemblance to a famous cartoon character.

Pinned from
airandspace.si.edu

November 25, 1961: USS Enterprise (CVN-65), world’s 1st nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, was commissioned. Pictured here is our 1:100 scale model on display at the Museum in DC.

USS Enterprise Model | National Air and Space Museum

airandspace.si.edu

July 16, 1969: Apollo 11 launched on the first mission to land humans on the Moon. The Saturn V rocket lifted off from NASA's Kennedy Space Center with astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, Michael Collins, and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin at 9:32 am EDT.

Apollo 11 Launch | National Air and Space Museum

airandspace.si.edu

June 22, 1960: GRAB-1, the world's first successful reconnaissance satellite, was launched. Pictured here is the backup model for GRAB-1. See it on display in the "Space Race" exhibition at the Museum in Washington, DC.

Pinned from
airandspace.si.edu

June 16, 1963: Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova became the first woman to fly in space. She flew aboard Vostok 6 and completed nearly 50 orbits of the Earth during the approximately three days she spent in space.

Valentina Tereshkova | National Air and Space Museum

airandspace.si.edu

Edward H. White II became the first American to perform a spacewalk on June 3, 1965. He floated outside the Gemini IV capsule for 20 minutes, remaining connected to the spacecraft's life-support and communications systems by a golden "umbilical cord" and using a hand-held jet thruster to maneuver in space. Shown here is Ed White's spacesuit as it was formerly displayed inside the Gemini IV capsule. The capsule is on display in the Boeing #MilestonesofFlight Hall at the Museum in Washington, DC.

Gemini IV Interior | National Air and Space Museum

airandspace.si.edu

On June 2, 1966, Surveyor 1 became the first U.S. spacecraft to make a soft landing on the Moon. This engineering model, S-10, was used for thermal control tests. It represents a flight model of Surveyor 3 or later.

Lunar Lander, Surveyor | National Air and Space Museum

airandspace.si.edu

This hand-held Robot camera was used by astronaut L. Gordon Cooper during the last Mercury mission in the "Faith 7" capsule on May 15 and 16, 1963. Cooper used the camera to photograph atmospheric phenomena.

Pinned from
airandspace.si.edu

Alan Shepard wore this spacesuit when he became the first American in space on May 5, 1961.

Pinned from
airandspace.si.edu

Spare flight suit belonging to Francis Gary Powers at the time of his ill-fated reconnaissance flight over the Soviet Union. Powers' Lockheed U-2B was shot down on May 1, 1960. He spent almost 21 months in prison in the Soviet Union before being released in exchange for a Soviet agent.

Pinned from
airandspace.si.edu

April 17, 1964: Jerrie Mock became the first woman to pilot an aircraft around the world in the Cessna 180 "Spirit of Columbus." She departed from Columbus, Ohio, on March 19, 1964, and arrived back home on April 17, 1964, after flying 36,964 kilometers (23,103 miles) in 29 days, 11 hours, and 59 minutes. See her aircraft on display at the Udvar-Hazy Center.

Cessna 180 | National Air and Space Museum

airandspace.si.edu

G3-C spacesuit worn by Virgil "Gus" Grissom on Gemini 3 launched March 23, 1965.

Pinned from
airandspace.si.edu

Astronauts Virgil I. "Gus" Grissom and John Young launched on the Gemini 3 mission on March 23, 1965. Because Grissom's Mercury spacecraft, Liberty Bell 7, had sunk at the end of his 1961 mission, he unofficially named Gemini 3 "Unsinkable Molly Brown." Gemini 3 was the first crewed mission of Project Gemini, which aimed to test long-duration missions, rendezvous and docking between two space vehicles, and EVA or "spacewalking."

Capsule, Gemini 3 | National Air and Space Museum

airandspace.si.edu

This 10 kW Klystron Tube was used at a ground radar astronomy station to obtain signals from the planet Venus. The first successful detection of a return echo from Venus came on March 10, 1961. Originally used for NASA's Project Echo, this Klystron Tube was also used on a ground receiver to help develop the ranging system used during the Lunar Orbiter and Apollo programs.

Klystron Tube, 10KW | National Air and Space Museum

airandspace.si.edu

Yuri Gagarin was born near Moscow, Russia on March 9, 1934. He became the first human in space on April 12, 1961.

Yuri Gagarin | National Air and Space Museum

airandspace.si.edu

March 6, 1969: Apollo 9 command module pilot Dave Scott standing in the hatch of command module "Gumbo" during an EVA. | Photo credit: NASA

Dave Scott | National Air and Space Museum

airandspace.si.edu
  • W Joseph Lacks
    W Joseph Lacks

    a steely eyed missile man.....

March 6, 1969: Apollo 9 lunar module pilot Russel L. Schweickart performs a 37 min EVA. | Photo credit: NASA

Apollo 9 | National Air and Space Museum

airandspace.si.edu

This Lear Jet (N802L), the second of this type built and the first production model 23, completed its maiden flight of 1 hour, 30 minutes on March 5, 1964.

Lear Jet 23 | National Air and Space Museum

airandspace.si.edu