Today in History - 1960s
Moments in aviation and space history from the 1960s.
Today in History - 1960s
- 164 Pins
March 18, 1965: Aleksei Leonov became the first human to perform a spacewalk. Explore 50 years of spacewalks with the website for our latest exhibition, “Outside the Spacecraft: 50 Years of Extra-Vehicular Activity”. #Spacewalk50
National Air and Space Museum on Instagram: “50 Years Ago Today: Aleksei Leonov became the first human to perform a spacewalk: http://bit.ly/spacewalk50_floating Explore 50 years of…”
December 27, 1968: Apollo 8 splashed down in Pacific, returning the first astronauts to travel to the Moon and back safely to Earth. This communications carrier was used by mission commander Frank Borman during the Apollo 8 mission. Communications carriers were worn throughout the mission, and affectionately known as the "Snoopy Cap" from its resemblance to a famous cartoon character.
November 25, 1961: USS Enterprise (CVN-65), world’s 1st nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, was commissioned. Pictured here is our 1:100 scale model on display at the Museum in DC.
In 1982, the Museum acquired this 11-foot model of the aircraft carrier USS Enterprise. It was built and donated by Stephen Henninger, who spent about 1,000 hours a year for 12 years to construct the 1:100 scale ship.
USS Enterprise Model | National Air and Space Museum
July 16, 1969: Apollo 11 launched on the first mission to land humans on the Moon. The Saturn V rocket lifted off from NASA's Kennedy Space Center with astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, Michael Collins, and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin at 9:32 am EDT.
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Apollo 11. Dad watched this with us from our Florida home.
Neil Armstrong and his fellow astronauts were unsuccessful in obtaining life insurance for their trip to the moon as no insurance company wo...
45 years ago the Apollo 11 mission lifted off to carry Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins, and Buzz Aldrin to the moon.
The Apollo 11 Saturn V space vehicle lifts off July 16, 1969 from Kennedy Space Center's Launch Complex in Florida. The space craft was injected into lunar orbit on July 19 with Astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, Michael Collins and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr. on board. (Photo by NASA/Newsmakers)
45 years ago now: #Apollo11 launches to the moon with Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin & Michael Collins onboard.
Apollo 11 Launch | National Air and Space Museum
June 22, 1960: GRAB-1, the world's first successful reconnaissance satellite, was launched. Pictured here is the backup model for GRAB-1. See it on display in the "Space Race" exhibition at the Museum in Washington, DC.
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June 22, 1960: the first Galactic Radiation and Background satellite (GRAB-1), the world's first successful reconnaissance satellite, is launched. This is the backup for GRAB-1. Source: Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (TMS A20020087000)***Research for possible future project.
June 16, 1963: Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova became the first woman to fly in space. She flew aboard Vostok 6 and completed nearly 50 orbits of the Earth during the approximately three days she spent in space.
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Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman to fly in space. She flew aboard Vostok 6 and spent approximately three days in space.
Valentina Tereshkova, first woman in space, Vostok 6, 16th June 1963.
Valentina Tereshkova | National Air and Space Museum
Edward H. White II became the first American to perform a spacewalk on June 3, 1965. He floated outside the Gemini IV capsule for 20 minutes, remaining connected to the spacecraft's life-support and communications systems by a golden "umbilical cord" and using a hand-held jet thruster to maneuver in space. Shown here is Ed White's spacesuit as it was formerly displayed inside the Gemini IV capsule. The capsule is on display in the Boeing #MilestonesofFlight Hall at the Museum in Washington, DC.
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Edward H. White II became the first American to perform a spacewalk on June 3, 1965. He floated outside the Gemini IV capsule for 20 minutes, remaining connected to the spacecraft
Gemini IV Interior | National Air and Space Museum
On June 2, 1966, Surveyor 1 became the first U.S. spacecraft to make a soft landing on the Moon. This engineering model, S-10, was used for thermal control tests. It represents a flight model of Surveyor 3 or later.
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Lunar Lander, Surveyor | National Air and Space Museum
This hand-held Robot camera was used by astronaut L. Gordon Cooper during the last Mercury mission in the "Faith 7" capsule on May 15 and 16, 1963. Cooper used the camera to photograph atmospheric phenomena.
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Alan Shepard wore this spacesuit when he became the first American in space on May 5, 1961.
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Alan Shepard Mercury spacesuit
Spare flight suit belonging to Francis Gary Powers at the time of his ill-fated reconnaissance flight over the Soviet Union. Powers' Lockheed U-2B was shot down on May 1, 1960. He spent almost 21 months in prison in the Soviet Union before being released in exchange for a Soviet agent.
April 17, 1964: Jerrie Mock became the first woman to pilot an aircraft around the world in the Cessna 180 "Spirit of Columbus." She departed from Columbus, Ohio, on March 19, 1964, and arrived back home on April 17, 1964, after flying 36,964 kilometers (23,103 miles) in 29 days, 11 hours, and 59 minutes. See her aircraft on display at the Udvar-Hazy Center.
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Air & Space Museum - April '14
Cessna 180 | National Air and Space Museum
Astronauts Virgil I. "Gus" Grissom and John Young launched on the Gemini 3 mission on March 23, 1965. Because Grissom's Mercury spacecraft, Liberty Bell 7, had sunk at the end of his 1961 mission, he unofficially named Gemini 3 "Unsinkable Molly Brown." Gemini 3 was the first crewed mission of Project Gemini, which aimed to test long-duration missions, rendezvous and docking between two space vehicles, and EVA or "spacewalking."
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Capsule, Gemini 3 | National Air and Space Museum
This 10 kW Klystron Tube was used at a ground radar astronomy station to obtain signals from the planet Venus. The first successful detection of a return echo from Venus came on March 10, 1961. Originally used for NASA's Project Echo, this Klystron Tube was also used on a ground receiver to help develop the ranging system used during the Lunar Orbiter and Apollo programs.
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Klystron Tube, 10KW | National Air and Space Museum
Yuri Gagarin was born near Moscow, Russia on March 9, 1934. He became the first human in space on April 12, 1961.
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Yuri Gagarin was born near Moscow, Russia on March 9, 1934. He became the first human in space on April 12, 1961. This is some history on RENs birthday :) cool stuff to tell her later
Air & Space Museum
Yuri Gagarin | National Air and Space Museum
March 6, 1969: Apollo 9 command module pilot Dave Scott standing in the hatch of command module "Gumbo" during an EVA. | Photo credit: NASA
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Apollo 9 Space Walk.
Dave Scott | National Air and Space Museum
March 6, 1969: Apollo 9 lunar module pilot Russel L. Schweickart performs a 37 min EVA. | Photo credit: NASA
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Apollo 9 | National Air and Space Museum
This Lear Jet (N802L), the second of this type built and the first production model 23, completed its maiden flight of 1 hour, 30 minutes on March 5, 1964.
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National Air and Space Museum - This Lear Jet (N802L), the second of this type built and the first production model 23, completed its maiden flight of 1 hour, 30 minutes on March 5, 1964.
Lear Jet 23 | National Air and Space Museum
Apollo 9, launched on March 3, 1969, was the first crewed flight of the lunar module in Earth orbit. Here the lunar module "Spider," viewed from command module "Gumdrop," awaits extraction from the third stage of the Saturn V rocket (S-IVB). | Photo credit: NASA/Project Apollo Archive, Scan by Ed Hengeveld
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The lunar module awaits extraction from Apollo 9's S-IVB stage.jpg
Apollo 9 crew James A. McDivitt (CMDR), David R. Scott (CMP) and Russell L. Schweickart (LMP). Apollo 9 launched 45 years ago today on the first flight of all Apollo hardware in Earth orbit. | Photo credit: NASA
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Apollo 9 crew James A. McDivitt (CMDR), David R. Scott (CMP) and Russell L. Schweickart (LMP). Apollo 9 was the first flight of all Apollo hardware in Earth orbit.
Apollo 9 Crew | National Air and Space Museum
On March 3, 1969, Apollo 9 launched carrying astronauts James A. McDivitt, David R. Scott, and Russell L. Schweickart. The mission was the first crewed flight of all Apollo lunar hardware in Earth orbit and the first test of the lunar module in space. | Photo credit: NASA
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Apollo 9 Launch | National Air and Space Museum
On February 26, 1966, AS-201 launched on the first uncrewed suborbital flight of a Block I Apollo Command/Service Module on a Saturn 1B launch vehicle. | Photo credit: NASA
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The 1st Saturn 1B with the 1st uncrewed Apollo Command & Service Module launches #now in 1966 as AS-201: pic.twitter.com/n0W6DsjIpZ
Mercury Capsule MA-6 "Friendship 7." On February 20, 1962, John H. Glenn Jr. became the first American to orbit the Earth in this spacecraft.