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Black History Month

Black History Month

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Matice Wright, the Navy's first black female naval flight officer.

Who Is Sara Baartman? Every Black Woman Should Know Her Name [PHOTOS & VIDEO]

In 1966 Martin Luther King Jr. was stoned (a thrown rock struck him in the head) during a March he lead (of about 700 people) in Marquette Park on Chicago's Southwest Side. The civil-rights leader and his supporters were in the white ethnic enclave to protest housing segregation practices. Approx 30 others were injured along with Dr King. He later explained why he put himself at risk: "I have to do this--to expose myself--to bring this hate into the open."

Bose Ikard was born a slave, but after he gained his freedom, he rode for many years with the Texas cattle barons, Charles Goodnight and Oliver Loving. Their adventures served as the basis for Larry McMurty's novel, Lonesome Dove, which became a television miniseries in 1989. Ikard was the real-life model for McMurtry's character, Joshua Deets, who was played by Danny Glover.

Leaders if the 1963 Civil Rights March on DC. (L-R ) Mathew Ahmann; (beside) A. Philip Randolph: (standing behind) Rabbi Joachim Prinz ; (w/bow tie) Joseph Rauh, John Lewis & Floyd McKissick. Photo created by: U.S. Information Agency, Press and Publications Service

PAGE, INMAN EDWARD The first president of the Colored Agricultural and Normal University (CANU), later Langston University, and an influential Oklahoma educator, Inman Page was born into slavery on December 29, 1853, in Warrenton, Virginia. Page attended Howard University for two years and then enrolled at Brown University. He was among the first African Americans to be admitted to the prestigious Providence, Rhode Island, college.

Jimmie Lee Jackson was a young, unarmed civil rights protestor who was shot by an Alabama State Trooper in 1965. Jackson’s death inspired the Selma to Montgomery marches, an important event in the American Civil Rights movement.

Autherine J. Lucy became the first Black student to attend the University of Alabama on February 3, 1956. However, three days later she was expelled, as what was referred to for "her own safety" in response to threats. In 1992, Autherine Lucy-Foster graduated from the University with a master’s degree in education. That same day her daughter, Grazia Foster, graduated with a bachelor’s degree in corporate finance.

Thurgood Marshall (July 2, 1908 – January 24, 1993) was an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, serving from 1967 until 1991. Marshall was the Court's 96th justice and its first African-American justice. Before becoming a judge, Marshall was a lawyer who was best known for his high success rate in arguing before the Supreme Court and for the victory in Brown v. Board of Education. Photo taken Oct 2, 1967, African American Registry.

Carter Godwin Woodson (December 19, 1875 – April 3, 1950) was an African American historian, author, journalist and the founder of the Association for the Study of African American Life and History. Woodson was one of the first scholars to study African American history. A founder of Journal of Negro History, Woodson has been cited as the father of Black history.

George Washington Carver (1864-1943), was an American scientist, botanist, educator, and inventor. He is believed to have been born into slavery in Missouri in January 1864. Carver's reputation is based on his research into and promotion of alternative crops to cotton, such as peanuts, soybeans and sweet potatoes, which also aided nutrition for farm families. Carver's work on peanuts was intended to provide an alternative crop. He was recognized for his many achievements and talents.

January 1939. "Negro sharecropper mother teaching children numbers and alphabet in home. Transylvania, Louisiana." Medium-format nitrate negative by Russell Lee for the Resettlement Administration.

Black Panther Party for Self Defense co-founder, Bobby Seale

Double standard?

"Sundown towns" or "sunset towns" were common from Ohio to Oregon and well into the South. By local ordinance, people of color had to leave the town by sundown. Some had local laws making it a crime for a non-white person to be in the town after dark (they could work as maids or laborers, just not live there.) Some communities became "sunset towns" after people of color were driven out, had their property destroyed, or their lives threatened.

Eva Beatrice Dykes became the first Black woman in the US to meet the requirements for a Ph.D., in 1921, at Radcliffe College.

The Real Django: This is the actual man on which the movie D’Jango is loosely based. His name is Dangerfield Newby, and he was a member of the John Brown party . He joined to save his wife and children, Harriet. Their love story was real, and you all should check out their narrative and love letters.

The Rosewood Massacre occurred in1923. A predominantly Black town was wiped out and many killed by a white mob, because of false allegations made by a white woman. Remaining residents abandoned the town. The initial report of the Rosewood incident presented less than a month after the massacre claimed there was insufficient evidence for prosecution. Thus no one was charged with any of the Rosewood murders.

Clara Mae Luper was one of the early leaders of the civil rights movement in Oklahoma in the 50s. She was arrested 26 times for her civil rights activities. She led sit-ins to end segregation all over Ok. She was a candidate for the US Senate in 1972, and developed Black Voices Magazine in the the late 70s.

Elizabeth Eckford was one of the Little Rock Nine, a group of African-American students who, in 1957, were the first black students ever to attend classes at Little Rock Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas.

Octavia Butler, visionary

First African American women to vote in Ettrick, Virginia, 1920 These women, left to right, are Eva Conner, Evie Carpenter, Odelle Green, Virginia Mary Branch, Anna Lindsay, Edna Colson, Edwina Wright, Johnella Frazer, and Nannie Nichols,

I am at once a physician, a citizen and a woman, and I am not willing to stand aside and allow this concept of expendable human lives to turn this great land of ours into just another exclusive reservation where only the perfect, the privileged and the planned have the right to live. - Dr. Mildred Jefferson (1926-2010) The first black woman to graduate from Harvard Medical School

Joycelyn Elders - the best Surgeon General we've ever had!

Barack Obama ponders the nation's future on Air Force One.