The Effects of Telepractice to Support Family Members in Modeling an SGD in the Home
Purpose Family members are an integral support for children with complex communication needs (CCN). However, there is limited research exploring “whole family” intervention to support children with CCN, including evidence-based approaches such as aided language modeling and innovative delivery options such as telepractice. The purpose of this study was to explore whether the use of telepractice-based training and coaching is a valid means of delivering intervention to the whole family unit…
Impact of the Chin-Down Posture on Temporal Measures of Patients With Dysphagia: A Pilot Study
Purpose The chin-down position is a commonly prescribed posture by health care professionals to alleviate the symptoms of dysphagia. Yet, how the technique influences swallowing physiology lacks clarity. Our goal was to examine the impact of the postural technique on patients with various medical conditions and swallowing impairments.
Further Evaluation & Application of Wisconsin Age-Related Hearing Impairment Classification System
Purpose The primary purpose of this report is to further evaluate the Wisconsin Age-Related Hearing Impairment Classification System (WARHICS) scheme for the classification of audiograms obtained from older adults, ages 50–89 years.
The Cultural and Diagnostic Appropriateness of Standardized Assessments for Dual Language Learners
Purpose The aim of this study was to investigate the appropriateness of standardized assessments of expressive grammar and vocabulary in a sample of preschool-age dual language learners (DLLs) who use Jamaican Creole (JC) and English. Adult models from the same linguistic community as these children were used to inform culturally and linguistically appropriate interpretation of children's responses to a standardized assessment.
Evolving Science to Inform Emerging Concussion Practices
Purpose This article describes two concussion models built on the current state of science that help illustrate the complicated interactions among the multiple factors that drive concussion symptoms. Consideration of these models remind practitioners, including speech-language pathologists, to attend to factors that increase the risk of patients developing prolonged symptoms, as well as attend to symptoms that result from various interactions and may differentially respond to specific…
Exploring the Acoustic Perceptual Relationship of Speech in Parkinson's Disease
Purpose Auditory perceptual judgments are commonly used to diagnose dysarthria and assess treatment progress. The purpose of the study was to examine the acoustic underpinnings of perceptual speech abnormalities in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD).
Complexity-Dependent Modulations of Beta Oscillations for Verbal and Nonverbal Movements
Purpose The planning and execution of motor behaviors require coordination of neurons that are established through synchronization of neural activity. Movements are typically preceded by event-related desynchronization (ERD) in the beta range (15–30 Hz) primarily localized in the motor cortex, while movement onset is associated with event-related synchronization (ERS). It is hypothesized that ERD is important for movement preparation and execution, and ERS serves to inhibit movement and…
Intact Correction for Self-Produced Vowel Formant Variability in Individuals w/ Cerebellar Ataxia...
Purpose Individuals with cerebellar ataxia (CA) caused by cerebellar degeneration exhibit larger reactive compensatory responses to unexpected auditory feedback perturbations than neurobiologically typical speakers, suggesting they may rely more on feedback control during speech. We test this hypothesis by examining variability in unaltered speech. Previous studies of typical speakers have demonstrated a reduction in formant variability (centering) observed during the initial phase of vowel…
The Neural Circuitry Underlying the “Rhythm Effect” in Stuttering
Purpose Stuttering is characterized by intermittent speech disfluencies, which are dramatically reduced when speakers synchronize their speech with a steady beat. The goal of this study was to characterize the neural underpinnings of this phenomenon using functional magnetic resonance imaging.
Comprehension of Welcher-Questions in German-Speaking Children With and Without #DLD
Purpose This study examined whether monolingual German-speaking preschool children with developmental language disorder (DLD) were facilitated by the presence of case-marking cues in their interpretation of German subject and object welcher (“which”)-questions, as reported for their typically developing peers. We also examined whether knowledge of case-marking and/or phonological working memory modulated children's ability to revise early assigned interpretations of ambiguous questions.
Children With Cochlear Implants Use Semantic Prediction to Facilitate Spoken Word Recognition
Purpose Children with cochlear implants (CIs) are more likely to struggle with spoken language than their age-matched peers with normal hearing (NH), and new language processing literature suggests that these challenges may be linked to delays in spoken word recognition. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether children with CIs use language knowledge via semantic prediction to facilitate recognition of upcoming words and help compensate for uncertainties in the acoustic signal.
Evaluating Voice Type Component Distributions of Excised Larynx Phonations at 3 Subglottal Pressures
Purpose The excised canine larynx provides an advantageous experimental framework in the study of voice physiology. In recent years, signal processing methods have been applied to analyze phonations in excised canine larynx experiments. However, phonations have a highly complex and nonstationary nature corresponding to different proportions of regular and chaotic signal elements. Current nonlinear dynamic methods that are used to assess the degree of irregularity in the voice fail to…
Listening Effort in School-Age Children . . .
Objectives Children with limited hearing unilaterally might experience more listening effort than children with normal hearing, yet previous studies have not confirmed this. This study compared listening effort in school-age children with normal hearing and children with limited hearing unilaterally using behavioral and subjective listening effort measures.
Intergenerational Montessori Program for Adults With Memory Concerns
Purpose This study evaluated the effects of an intergenerational Montessori after-school program on the engagement, affect, and quality of life of older adults with memory concerns and on the attitudes of children toward older adults.
Learning With and Without Feedback in Children With Developmental Language Disorder
Purpose Intervention provided to school-age children with developmental language disorder often relies on the provision of performance feedback, yet it is unclear whether children with this disorder benefit from feedback-based learning. The study evaluates the effect of performance feedback on learning in children with developmental language disorder.