In 1973 when Revlon released its fragrance Charlie, ad campaigns featured models Shelley Hack, Charlie Stember, and, notably, Naomi Sims, making Sims the first African American woman in history to be featured in a cosmetic company's advertising.
Daisy Bates and the Little Rock Nine In 1958, LIFE's Paul Schutzer photographed activist Daisy Bates (fourth from left) as she posed in front of the U.S. Supreme Court with members of the Little Rock Nine. Standing tall and proud in front of the highest court in the land, these civil rights pioneers assert their identities as Americans worthy of all every protection under the law.
THIS IS A STATUE OF THE AFRICAN FREEDOM FIGHTER IN GUADELOUPE KNOWN TO HISTORY AND LEGEND AS SOLITUDE. SHE WAS A GREAT SHERO IN THE STRUGGLE OF THE AFRICANS IN GUADELOUPE TO END SLAVERY MORE THAN 200 YEARS AGO. SHE WAS CAPTURED BY THE FRENCH WHEN SHE WAS PREGNANT AND EXECUTED THE DAY AFTER HER BABY WAS BORN. SHE WAS BORN ABOUT 1779 AND HANGED IN 1802. HER NAME IS SOLITUDE. SHE IS IMMORTAL!'
Booker Taliaferro Washington (April 5, 1856 – November 14, 1915) was an African-American educator, author, and advisor to Republican presidents. He was the dominant figure in the African-American community in the United States from 1890 to 1915. Representative of the last generation of black American leaders born in slavery, he spoke on behalf of the large majority of blacks who lived in the South but had lost their ability to vote through disfranchisement by southern legislatures.
La Mulâtresse Solitude (1772-19 November 1802), was a slave rebel and heroine of the fight against slavery in Guadeloupe. Originally a slave, she was freed by the abolition of slavery in 1794 during the French revolution. When slavery was reintroduced on Guadeloupe by Napoleon in 1802, she joined Louis Delgrès call to fight for her freedom and took part in the Battle of the 18 May 1802. She was captured and executed by hanging after being granted to wait out her pregnancy.
100 years before Rosa Parks there was Frances Ellen Watkins Harper (1825-1911). She was an abolitionist, poet and author. Born free in Baltimore, she had a prolific career, publishing her first book of poetry at age 20 and her first novel, the widely praised Iola Leroy, at age 67. In 1850, she became the first woman to teach sewing at the Union Seminary. In 1851, she helped blacks along the Underground Railroad on their way to Canada, running from the Democrats’ Fugitive Slave Law of 1850.