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During the violent months preceding the liberation of Paris, New Zealander Nancy Wake killed a German guard with a single karate chop to the neck, executed a woman who had been spying for the Germans, shot her way out of roadblocks and biked 70 hours through perilous Nazi checkpoints to deliver radio codes for the Allies. In spite of Hitler she lives to be 98.
In the mid-1930s, an Australian journalist visited Germany to report on the rise of fascism and interview Adolf Hitler. The atrocities she saw there, which included the public beating of Jews, forever changed the course of her young life. Nancy Wake, who died Sunday at age 98, would spend World War II fighting Nazism tooth and nail, saving thousands of Allied lives, winding up at the top of the Gestapo’s most-wanted list and ultimately receiving more decorations than any other servicewoman.
Mice, World Wars, White Mouse, Spy, Woman, French Resistance, Women, Wars Ii, Nancy Wake
Nancy Wake, ‘White Mouse’ of World War II, dies at 98 By Adam Bernstein, Published: August 9 The Gestapo called her “The White Mouse” for the way she deftly avoided their traps. Nancy Wake, 98, who died of an infection Aug. 7 in London, was one of the most effective and cunning British agents working in German-occupied France during World War II. A sultry glamour girl before the war, she married a French playboy industrialist whose tastes, like hers, ran to caviar and champagne midmorning and love in the afternoon. They were living in southern France when the war ignited. She hid downed Allied servicemen at her home and led them over the Pyrenees to the safety of neutral Spain. She later helped organize thousands of French resistance fighters known as the Maquis, by meeting Allied arms drops, distributing weapons and training 7,000 partisans in preparation for the Normandy invasion. She earned decorations from the British, French and American governments; she was belatedly honored in Australia, where she had grown up. Exact figures are hard to establish, but she was reported to have helped save many hundreds of lives. Max Hastings, a British journalist and military historian, described her an “ardent warrior, possessed of an endless appetite for sensation.” As her involvement in the war deepened, Ms. Wake was trained by the British to kill with her bare hands (she delivered a fatal karate chop to a sentry at an arms factory), parachute into enemy-held territory and work a machine gun. She chomped on cigars and bested guerrilla fighters in drinking bouts. She traveled nowhere without her Chanel lipstick, face cream and a favorite red satin cushion. “She is the most feminine woman I know until the fighting starts — then she is like five men,” a colleague in the French resistance once said. With her highly motivated force, Ms. Wake planned and executed a successful raid on a Gestapo garrison and an arms factory in central France in 1944. The Gestapo placed a large bounty on her head. That she evaded capture and death added to her mystique; one-third of the 39 women serving in the British Special Operations Executive in France did not come home. She was dauntless. When a German counterattack against the Maquis disrupted lines of communication, Ms. Wake covered 200 kilometers by bike over hostile ground to get and receive crucial messages. She slept in haystacks or in the open during her 72-hour journey, which resulted in reestablishing radio contact with London. The nature of her work made Ms. Wake cautious. Three French women came to her attention for possibly being spies. Under her interrogation, she became satisfied two were telling the truth. She sentenced the third to death by firing squad. “I was not a very nice person,” Ms. Wake told an Australian newspaper in 2001. “And it didn’t put me off my breakfast. After all, she had an easy death. She didn’t suffer. I knew her death was a lot better than the one I would have got. “And if I hadn’t done it,” she added, “and she had got away and reported to the Germans what the Maquis were up to, how could I have ever faced the families of the Maquisards we lost because of it? It was definitely the right thing to do.” Nancy Grace Augusta Wake, the youngest of six siblings, was born in Wellington, New Zealand, on Aug. 30, 1912. Her father, a journalist, abandoned the family in Sydney. He also sold the family’s home, forcing his wife and their children to find new lodgings. Ms. Wake left home at 16 and, buffered by a small inheritance from an aunt, booked passage to England. In London, she bluffed her way into journalism by telling a Hearst newspaper executive that she was fluent in Egyptian— Egypt being a favorite topic of his. She wrote shorthand gibberish that resembled hieroglyphics and passed it off as the language. The news executive sent her to Paris as a roving European correspondent, where she said she was awakened to the growing atrocities of Adolph Hitler. In 1939, she married Henri Fiocca, heir to a Marseille shipping concern. She later told the Daily Telegraph: “He was tall. He could dance the tango. And if you dance the tango with a nice, tall man, you know what eventually will happen, don’t you?” After the Germans rolled into France in 1940, she became an ambulance driver and gradually deepened her involvement in the escape line from her home in Marseille. She hid people on the run, paid exorbitant bribes to prison guards to free those captured by the local authorities and became a dependable courier for the resistance. She became a threat to the Germans, and her handlers advised her to make her way to England via Gibraltar. Her husband promised to come after settling family business but was shot by the Nazis after refusing to reveal her whereabouts. With the escape route in constant peril and Germans patrolling the trains, it took several tries before Ms. Wake was able to make it to Spain on the back of a coal truck. She had earlier been forced to jump from a slow-moving train, drawing the fire of German soldiers. She arrived in England in June 1943, then underwent eight months of training in the Special Operations Executive. She was subsequently parachuted into the Auvergne region of central France as a liaison between London and the Maquis. After the war, Ms. Wake tried to find a job that suited her energies. She ran unsuccessfully for political office in Australia, returned to England to do intelligence work and, in 1957, married former British air force pilot John Forward. He died in 1997. She never had children. In recent years, she lived in a nursing home for retired veterans. She passed much of the day clutching a gin and tonic at the nearby hotel bar, the same watering hole where she had her first “bloody good drink” after the war. Ms. Wake was the subject of two biographies in addition to her 1985 memoir. A TV miniseries aired in the late 1980s; she was typically scornful of its factual liberties. “For goodness sake, did the allies parachute me into France to fry eggs and bacon for the men?” she asked. “There wasn’t an egg to be had for love nor money, and even if there had been, why would I be frying it when I had men to do that sort of thing?”
World War II Resistance Heroine, Savior of Thousands, Dies at 98
52 Colorized Historical Photos That Give Us A New Look At the Past
Change History, Colors Photos, Colors Historical, Country Songs, Pictures, Charlie Chaplin, Jimmy Stewart, Art History, Clint Eastwood
Who would have known Charlie Chaplin was kinda cute when young? ;)
52 Colorized Historical Photos That Give Us A New Look At the Past #art #history #artphotography #photohistory
52 Colorized Historical Photos That Give Us A New Look At the Past Reminds me of the country song "Should have seen it in color"
Clint Eastwood, 1962
These 52 Colorized Photos Change History As We Know It...
52 Colorized Historical Photos That Give Us A New Look At the Past I stumbled across some excellently colorized photos that are well worth a look! (Lieberman)
Foto's voor in de lessen
These 52 Colorized Photos Change History As We Know It...
Abraham Lincoln was one brave president...here's why.
Civil Wars, American Presidents, Brave People, American History Presidents, Abraham Lincoln W, Greatest Presidents, Abed Lincoln, America Bravest, Amazing People In History
Abraham Lincoln, one of America's greatest Presidents
Abraham Lincoln is America's bravest president because he fought for the 13th Amendment and gave his all in everything he did.
Abe Lincoln :)
Abraham Lincoln was one brave president...here's why. Also, did you know he would watch civil war battles and if he didn't like the way a general was doing his job, he would replace him. Apparently he went through about 13-15 generals because of this.
We Are Teachers
Reading while churning butter (with cat taking care of splashes), 1897
History, Cat, Churn Butter, 1897, Make Time, Projects Ideas, Woman Reading, Old Pictures, Old Photos
Old Picture of the Day: Churning Butter
indypendenthistory: Reading while churning butter (with cat taking care of splashes), 1897 (via vintage everyday: Old Photos of Domestic Activities)
Reading while churning butter (with cat taking care of splashes), 1897 #History
vintage everyday: Old Photos of Domestic Activities
William Shakespeare In 1842 a death mask was found in a ragpicker’s shop in Darmstadt, Germany that is 99.9% certain to be that of William Shakespeare’s. The mask, bearing the date of 1616 (Shakespeare died on April 23, 1616) , features the writer’s high forehead, prominent nose and beard.
History, Williams Shakespeare'S, 1564 1616, 1616 Shakespeare, William Shakespeare, Shakespeare'S Death, Death Masks, Shakespeare Death, April 23
William Shakespeare death mask April 23, 1616
#death masks Great site with many famous men from history, some #life masks too
William Shakespeare death mask (1564 –1616)
William Shakespeare In 1842 a death mask was found in a ragpicker’s shop in Darmstadt, Germany that is 99.9% certain to be that of William Shakespeare’s. The mask, bearing the date of 1616 (Shakespeare died on April 23, 1616) , features the writer’s high forehead, prominent nose and beard. - See more at: http://itthing.com/life-and-death-masks-of-famous-people#sthash.iUPwnzqp.dpuf
William Shakespeare’s Death Mask
A portrait of Mata Hari, circa 1907, First World War spy. (Gamma-Keystone/Getty)
Circa 1907, Matahari, Vintage, The Eye, Paste Life, Beautiful, Portraits, People, Belle Epoque
#MataHari was a Dutch exotic dancer, courtesan, and accused spy who was executed by firing squad in France under charges of espionage for Germany during World War I. The idea of an exotic dancer working as a lethal double agent using her powers of seduction to extract military secrets from her many lovers made Mata Hari an enduring archetype of the femme fatale. Photo taken in 1905.
Mata Hari, circa 1907 la belle epoque
A portrait of Mata Hari, circa 1907 :: Getty Images I took a quiz; Who were you in a past life? This is who I was in a past life.
Mata Hari In 1917, Margaretha Zelle, the spy better known as Mata Hari, was executed by firing squad. Her skull became part of the collection at the Museum of Anatomy in Paris. In 2000, the museum's archivists discovered that the skull was missing, probably stolen. The case remains unsolved. I wondered: Why would anyone steal a skull? Or even want one? Little did I know. Skull collecting is a veritable subculture. One man's macabre relic is another man's Roger Maris sixty-first home-run ball. And craniomania is nothing new. In Cranioklepty (Unbridled Books, 2009), author Colin Dickey explains: "From 1790 to the mid-nineteenth century, interest in phrenology sparked a bizarre and intense fascination with the human skull, and in particular the skulls of great men." Beethoven's skull It drove other men to skullduggery, literally. Notable victims include composers Franz Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and English philosopher Thomas Browne. According to Dickey, Browne stands as an icon in the history of cranioklepty because of his concern over the desecration of his final resting place. "Who knows the fate of his bones, or how often he is to be buried?" Browne wrote, adding, "To be gnawed out of our graves, to have our skulls made drinking-bowls, and our bones turned into pipes to delight and sport our enemies, are tragic abominations." In the course of my investigation of this realm, I learned that Ludwig van Beethoven's skull is for sale. The seller is California businessman Paul Kaufmann, who first became aware that his family possessed the item in 1990. While searching among his late mother's possessions, he happened on an ancient, pear-shaped box labeled "Beethoven." Years of investigation by historians and scientists make a compelling case that the box was labeled accurately. Exhibit A: Kaufmann's great-great uncle was a physician closely involved in the 1863 exhumation of Beethoven (and Franz Schubert) largely for scientific study; according to several accounts, the physician kept Beethoven's skull. Exhibit B: Tests of existing strands of the composer's hair point to a DNA match. For Exhibits C through Z, see Dickey's book. According to Dickey, it's difficult to place a cash value on Beethoven's skull. In 1978, a skull purported to belong to theologian Emanuel Swedenborg sold at Sotheby's for $3,200. Kaufmann expects to get $100,000. "Out of respect for the dignity of Beethoven," Dickey says, "I think most people would be happy to see [the skull] go to some resting place." An obvious choice would be Vienna's Central Cemetery, where the rest of Beethoven's body is interred. Either way, there is new meaning in the Chuck Berry lyrics "Roll over Beethoven and tell Tchaikovsky the news." Mata Hari's execution by firing squad, October 15, 1917 Note: There is lots of phrenology and other skullduggery in the novel 7 Grams of Lead.
Toddler Barack Obama
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Barack, what a cutie pie.
Photo of Baby Barack Obama
President Barack Obama as a toddler - super cute
29 Awesome Photos Of A Young Barack “Barry” Obama
The Wright brothers, Orville and Wilbur as kids c. 1875
Wilbur Wright, Heritage History, Vintage Photos, Famous People, History Info, Historical, Young, Wright Brother, Little Boys
Orville, Wilbur Wright ~ 1874 [1871-1948],[1867-1912]...who do these little boys remind you of?!
Very young Wright Brothers #STEM #aviation
+~+~ Antique Photograph ~+~+ Sally Bonetta Forbes, born in West Africa was captured and became a slave of the King of Dahomey at 5 years old. In June 1850, Commodore Forbes of H.M.S. Bonetta arrived in Dahomey and the King presented him with the girl as a present for Queen Victoria. She was brought back to England and Victoria and Albert paid for her education. Later when Sally was married, Queen Victoria was godmother to their first child, named Victoria in her honour.
:::::::::::: Antique Photograph ::::::::::: Sally Bonetta Forbes, born in West Africa was captured and became a slave of the King of Dahomey at 5 years old. In June 1850, Commodore Forbes of H.M.S. Bonetta arrived in Dahomey and the King presented him with the girl as a present for Queen Victoria. She was brought back to England and Victoria and Albert paid for her education. Later when Sally was married, Queen Victoria was godmother to their first child, named Victoria in her honour.
Sally Bonetta, Sarah Forbes, African American, Forbes Bonetta, Queen Victoria, Queens Victoria, Bonetta Forbes, Black History, Black Victorian
Sarah Forbes Bonetta Davies, born into a royal West African Dynasty, became a slave of the King of Dahomey at 5 years old. In June 1850, Commodore Forbes of H.M.S. Bonetta arrived in Dahomey and the King presented him with the girl as a gift for Queen Victoria and was taken to England. A unique and admired figure in history, she spent her life between the British Royal household and her homeland in Africa.
Black Victorians - Sara Forbes Bonetta. Brighton, 1862.
:::::: Antique ::::::: Sally Bonetta Forbes, born in West Africa was captured and became a slave of the King of Dahomey at 5 years old. In June 1850, Commodore Forbes of H.M.S. Bonetta arrived in Dahomey and the King presented him with the girl as a present for Queen Victoria. She was brought back to England and Victoria and Albert paid for her education. Later when Sally was married, Queen Victoria was godmother to
Dutch children at Ellis Island
History, Ellisisland, Vintage Photos, Holland, Ellis Island, New York, Public Libraries, Dutch Children, Ellie Islands
Dutch children on ellis island, New York Public Library Digital gallery http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1206545
A brother and sister from Holland, photographed by Augustus Francis Sherman, an amateur photographer and clerk on Ellis Island. 1905.
Dutch children Ellis Island, New York. 1910 | Early Pictures. Page links to many vintage photos.
Immigration: Dutch children Ellis Island. 1910. #EllisIsland #history
Professor Alexander Graham Bell opening the line between New York and Chicago [from Sun and Shade, 1895]
History, Graham Belle, Belle Open, Vintage Photos, Alexander Graham, Chicago 1895, New York, People, Professor Belle
Professor Bell opening the line between New York and Chicago [from Sun and Shade, 1895] Today in 1876 Alexander Graham Bell was granted a patent for an invention he calls the "telephone".
Professor Bell opening the line between New York and Chicago, from Sun and Shade, 1895, photo, black and white, one big step for man kind, history
Alexander Graham Bell opening the line between New York and Chicago 
Edwin Booth, one of the most admired actors of the 19th century. Older brother of John Wilkes Booth, he saved Robert Todd Lincoln's life when Lincoln fell on the train tracks at a station in New Jersey at the height of the Civil War. EDWIN BOOTH 1864
Edwina 1864, John Wilkes, Civil Wars, Abraham Lincoln, George Eastman House, Daughters Edwina, Booths Fame, Older Brother, Edwin Booths
Edwin Booth, one of the most admired actors of the 19th century. Older brother of John Wilkes Booth, he saved Robert Todd Lincoln's life when Lincoln fell on the train tracks at a station in New Jersey at the height of the Civil War. EDWIN BOOTH 1864 -Robert Lincoln was the only child of the Lincolns to survive the Presidency of Abraham Lincoln.
Edwin Booth and his daughter Edwina 1864
Jack Kerouac and Allen Ginsberg, 1950s
Beats Generation, Jack Kerouac, All Ginsberg
Jack Kerouac + Allen Ginsberg
Frank Lloyd Wright at 18
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Frank Lloyd Wright Portrait (circa 1885). In 1885 Wright takes a job working for Allan Conover, a consulting engineer in downtown Madison, Wisconsin. Published in Frank Lloyd Wright’s Monona Terrace, Mollenhoff; Hamilton, 1999, page 52, Dated late 1885. Photographer E.R. Curtiss, Wisconsin Historical Society.
Young Frank Lloyd Wright (age 18)
New research shows that Bonnie may have had a mental disorder that made her attracted to seriously violent men. Not only that, but despite being just 23 when she died, Bonnie had been married for seven years…and not to Clyde. Her husband was also a murderer and she was still wearing her wedding ring when she died.
Photos, History, The Real, Vintage, Bonnie Clyde, Clyde Barrow, People, United States, Bonnie Parker
Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow were elevated from small-time criminals to most wanted status, as both the media and law enforcement became more interested. Their lives, and deaths, are legendary in American criminal justice history.
Bonnie Parker & Clyde Barrow, pictured here in 1933, were well-known outlaws, robbers, and criminals who traveled the Central United States with their gang during the Great Depression. The couple were eventually ambushed and killed in Louisiana by law officers.
The real Bonnie Parker & Clyde Barrow.
Bonnie and Clyde, 1920s. #vintage #photography #Bonnie #Clyde #1920s
Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow were two of America's most famous gangsters during the Great Depression. Since their deaths many people claim their ghosts still remain. The most active of these hauntings is at the site in the wooded area near where they were shot and killed in their V8 Ford “Death Car” in Louisiana. The car itself, displayed in a room at Whiskey Pete’s Casino in Primm, Nevada is also considered haunted by their ghosts, as is the Baker Hotel in Mineral Wells, Texas.
Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow (Bonnie and Clyde) in 1933. Their armed robberies of banks and stores between 1931-1934 (along with about a dozen murders) turned them into minor celebrities. They were killed in 1934 by law officers in Louisiana. The 1967 film 'Bonnie and Clyde' made them famous all over again. This photo was found by police at the Barrow Gang's Joplin, Missouri hideout.
5 Great Love Stories That Weren't Really All That Great
Aviators, Harriet Quimby (right) and Matilde Moisant (left) . They are the first and second women to get their pilot's license in the US. c. 1911-12.
Matilde Moisant, 1910, Free Encyclopedia, Second Women, Moisant Left, Pilots License, 2Nd Women, 1911 12, Harriet Quimby
Aviators, Harriet Quimby (right) and Matilde Moisant, c. 1911-12. The 1st and 2nd women to get a pilot's license in the US.
Aviators, Harriet Quimby (right) and Matilde Moisant (left) . They are the first and second women to get their pilot's license in the US. c. 1911-12. How cool is that!! Awesome ~
Portrait of Matilde Moisant (left) and Harriet Quimby (right) Circa 1911-1912 - Matilde E. Moisant - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ken Kesey, taken by Allen Ginsberg at Hotel Excelsior, December 14, 1989.
Writers Worth, Photographs, Ken Kesey, December 14, Hotels Excelsior, Writers Life, 1989, People, All Ginsberg
A photograph of Ken Kesey at Hotel Excelsior by Allen Ginsberg, December 14, 1989.
Writers, Quotes, Interviews, Artist, Biography - Paris Review
THE REAL BETTY BOOP: Ms. ESTHER JONES, known by her stage name, “Baby Esther,” was an ”African-American singer and entertainer of the late 1920s. She performed regularly at the (The Cotton Club) in Harlem. Ms Jones’ ‘baby’ Singing Style for a recording of “I Wanna Be Loved By You.” Ms. Jones’ singing style went on to become the inspiration for (Max Fleischer ) cartoon character’s Voice and SINGING style of BETTY BOOP, was a Black Woman. Read more by clicking photo.
Esther Jones, African American, Real Life, The Real, Bettyboop, Betty Boop, Vintage Girls, Baby Esther, Helen Kane
Esther Jones aka Baby Esther ... The true inspiration behind #BettyBoop.
THE REAL BETTY BOOP: Original Ms. ESTHER JONES, known by her stage name, “Baby Esther,” was an ” African-American singer and entertainer of the late 1920s. She performed regularly at the (The Cotton Club) in Harlem. Singer Helen Kane saw her act in 1928 and (COPIED or stole ). Ms Jones’ ‘baby’ Singing Style! PowerfulBlackStories.com
"Some say she was the real life Betty Boop (but new sources point to African American entertainer Baby Esther).... Actress Helen Kane, the inspiration for the Betty Boop cartoons, never received royalties or credit for them. A striking and unique performer who began in Vaudeville, she was "too 20s" for the 30s and sadly her career fizzled."
Grigorii Yefimovich Rasputin, brought into the Imperial Family's circle by Empress Alexandra to help aid in the suffering of her son Tsarevich Alexei. Rasputin was able to assuage the boy's pain but not cure the disease he suffered from (Hemophilia). He was well known for being drunk in public and his scores of affairs with high society woman. For the protection of the Royal image he was murdered by several aristocrats including Prince Felix Yussupov and Grand Duke Dmitrii Pavlovich
Romanov Families, Imperial Families, Famous People, Interesting People, Grigori Rasputin, Grigorii Yefimovich, Yefimovich Rasputin, European History, History Roy
Rasputin..."the Mad Monk"...considerably washed and tidied up for his picture...was the Imperial family ever, ever wrong to become entranced by his doings...!
Grigorii Yefimovich Rasputin
Grigori Efimovich Rasputin
Pawnee May Lillie | Buffalo Bills wife.
Wild West History, Gp Girls, Art Photography, Vintage Western Photos, Buffalo Bill, Pawnee Bill, Vintage Hats, 18951905, Vintage Cowgirls
1895-1905; you gp girl!
Pawnee Bill’s May Lillie - Buffalo Bills wife...
A. Lincoln campaign ribbon, 1860
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Abe Lincoln campaign ribbon, 1860
A. Lincoln campaign ribbon, 1860 repinned by AmericanTreasureTour.com
1860 campaign ribbon
Abraham Lincoln campaign ribbon, 1860
On April 10, 1919, Guajardo invited Zapata to a meeting, intimating that he intended to defect to the revolutionaries. However, when Zapata arrived at the Hacienda de San Juan, in Chinameca, Ayala municipality, Guajardo's men riddled him with bullets. They then took his body to Cuautla to claim the bounty, where they are reputed to have been given only half of what was promised.
Zapata Biographies, Zapata Prominent, Zapata Childhood, Emiliano Zapata, Influential People, History'S 1910
Emiliano Zapata prominently led the Mexican Revolution starting in 1910.
Jerónimo Sierra de la Cámara: mayo 2011
At 19, Temple Houston graduated w/ honors from Baylor & passed the bar to become youngest practicing lawyer in Texas. He spoke French, Spanish, & 7 Indian languages. In 1899, he became renowned for defending prostitute Millie Stacey. His closing summary (the Soiled Dove Plea), considered by many to be the perfect defense argument & one of the finest masterpieces of oratory in the English language, is still studied by law students today.
Temple Houston, son of Sam Houston, orphaned at 7; raised by a sister. At 19, he graduated w/honors from Baylor with a law degree, passed the bar to become the youngest practicing lawyer in TX. He spoke French, Spanish 7 Indian languages. He became renowned for defending prostitute Millie Stacey in 1899. His closing summary (The Soiled Dove Plea) is still studied by law students today. It's considered the perfect defense argument and a masterpieces of oratory in the English language.
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(August 12, 1860 – August 15, 1905) Temple Lea Houston was an attorney and politician, a state senator (1885–1889) in Texas. He was the last-born child of Margaret Lea Houston and Sam Houston, the first president of the Republic of Texas, and later U.S. senator and governor of Texas. He became the youngest practicing attorney in Texas in 1881 when he opened his law practice.
Temple Houston, son of Sam Houston, orphaned at 7; raised by a sister. At 19, he graduated w/honors from Baylor with a law degree, passed the bar to become the youngest practicing lawyer in TX. He spoke French, Spanish 7 Indian languages. He became renowned for defending prostitute Millie Stacey in 1899. His closing summary (the Soiled Dove Plea) is still studied by law students today. It's considered the perfect defense argument and a masterpieces of oratory in the English language.
Peter Jackson, 2 December 1889, London. Born in 1860 in St Croix, then the Danish West Indies, Jackson was a boxing champion who spent long periods of time touring Europe. In England, he staged the famous fight against Jem Smith at the Pelican Club in 1889. In 1888 he claimed the title of Australian heavyweight champion.