In 1911, Florence Elizabeth Higginbotham came to Nantucket as a domestic. In 1920, Mrs. Higginbotham bought her own Nantucket home where she lived for the rest of her life. In 1933, Mrs. Higginbotham purchased the African Meeting House, a structure that served as a church, school and meeting house for the African American community. After Mrs. Higginbotham died in 1972, her son, Wilhelm, honored her request to retain the meeting house property.
Clara "Mother" Hale, who at age 67 became founder of Hale House, a home for unwanted children, and children born addicted to drugs. By 1991, a reported 1,000+ children had been cared for by Hale House. At the time of her death in 1992 at the age of 87, Mother Hale had received over 372 awards, President Reagan had referred to her as an “American Hero” in his State of the Union address, and she was named an honorary member of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority.
(Though she was born in the Carribbean, we should all know the history of Mary Seacole. Thus she is included in this set of images.) Mary Seacole -After the outbreak of the Crimean War in 1853, Seacole traveled overseas to the British War Office, determined to serve as an army nurse. Then when she was refused, she funded her own trip to Crimea, started a hotel for injured officers (built out of salvaged materials), and braved enemy fire to nurse the wounded on the battlefield.