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Neotropical Biodiversity

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The Neotropical ecozone includes the largest concentration of tropical rainforests on Earth and is one of the most critical spheres of biodiversity. It encompasses Central and northern South America as well as parts of Mexico and Florida. This Pinterest board is a mosaic of Neotropical biodiversity with a special emphasis on Central America. Central America, South America, Rainforests, Tropical Rainforest, Antarctica, Cartography, Biodiversity, Pinterest Board, Emphasis
The Neotropical ecozone includes the largest concentration of tropical rainforests on Earth and is one of the most critical spheres of biodiversity. It encompasses Central and northern South America as well as parts of Mexico and Florida. This Pinterest board is a mosaic of Neotropical biodiversity with a special emphasis on Central America.
Metamorphosis is one of the great fascinations of nature and commonly used by Creationists to argue against evolution. Butterflies, such as this metallic mechanitis, go through complete metamorphosis in which they essentially digest themselves by releasing enzymes that dissolve their own tissues. During this process, highly specialized cells called imaginal discs - one for each of the body parts - survive to provide the essential blueprints for the butterfly's re-creation. Metamorphosis, Enzymes, Body Parts, Digest, Evolution, Butterflies, Survival, Metallic
Metamorphosis is one of the great fascinations of nature and commonly used by Creationists to argue against evolution. Butterflies, such as this metallic mechanitis, go through complete metamorphosis in which they essentially digest themselves by releasing enzymes that dissolve their own tissues. During this process, highly specialized cells called imaginal discs - one for each of the body parts - survive to provide the essential blueprints for the butterfly's re-creation.
Red eyed tree frogs utilize a technique called "startle coloration" to elude predators. Because most of their predators use vision as their primary sense, this technicolor frog may overwhelm their brains with too much information allowing the frog the extra moment it needs to escape. While sleeping, this frog reveals only its green body, but when awakened it flashes a confusing kaleidoscope of colors. In spite of its strong coloration, these frogs are not venomous. Funny Frogs, Cute Frogs, Frog Pictures, Animal Pictures, Beautiful Creatures, Animals Beautiful, Funny Animals, Cute Animals, Jumping Frog
Red eyed tree frogs utilize a technique called "startle coloration" to elude predators. Because most of their predators use vision as their primary sense, this technicolor frog may overwhelm their brains with too much information allowing the frog the extra moment it needs to escape. While sleeping, this frog reveals only its green body, but when awakened it flashes a confusing kaleidoscope of colors. In spite of its strong coloration, these frogs are not venomous.
Vampire bats are native to South and Central America and are the only mammals to feed exclusively on blood. These bats are typically about 3 1/2 inches in length and feed at night by approaching their victims stealthily on all fours. Sensors on their nose detect heat pointing their razor sharp teeth to where the blood is closest to the surface. This bat's saliva has chemicals that prevent the blood from clotting while it feeds. Gato Sphynx, Bat Facts, Crazy Facts, Bat Species, Scary Animals, Ausgestopftes Tier, Rainforest Animals, Vampire Bat, Creatures Of The Night
Vampire bats are native to South and Central America and are the only mammals to feed exclusively on blood. These bats are typically about 3 1/2 inches in length and feed at night by approaching their victims stealthily on all fours. Sensors on their nose detect heat pointing their razor sharp teeth to where the blood is closest to the surface. This bat's saliva has chemicals that prevent the blood from clotting while it feeds.
Because of the year round abundance of fruit, tropical forests have five times more large birds than temperate forests. Toucans are native to the Americas and form social groups to maximize foraging. They have the largest beaks relative to their of any birds and use them to eat large fruits swallowing them whole and regurgitating the seeds. Toucans use their large size and hefty bill to dominate food resources for their group. Amazon Rainforest Animals, Amazon Animals, Tropical Forest, Costa Rica Pictures, Sounds Of Birds, Fotografia Macro, Most Beautiful Birds, Gorgeous
Because of the year round abundance of fruit, tropical forests have five times more large birds than temperate forests. Toucans are native to the Americas and form social groups to maximize foraging. They have the largest beaks relative to their of any birds and use them to eat large fruits swallowing them whole and regurgitating the seeds. Toucans use their large size and hefty bill to dominate food resources for their group.
Leaf cutter ants are unique to the Americas and take advantage of what the forest has most to offer - foliage. They harvest leaves to bring back to their underground colonies which are then chewed and mixed with dung to feed their fungal gardens. Leaf cutters ants are the rainforest's dominant herbivore consuming and estimated 12-17% of its foliage each year. Next to humans, they create the largest complex societies on Earth. Animal Projects, Projects For Kids, Ant Tattoo, Tattoos, Weird Trees, Strongest Animal, Ant Farms, Cool Bugs, Gardens
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Leaf cutter ants are unique to the Americas and take advantage of what the forest has most to offer - foliage. They harvest leaves to bring back to their underground colonies which are then chewed and mixed with dung to feed their fungal gardens. Leaf cutters ants are the rainforest's dominant herbivore consuming and estimated 12-17% of its foliage each year. Next to humans, they create the largest complex societies on Earth.
The coati is a conspicuous Neotropical mammal because it is active during the day and adapts well to human built environments. Males tend to be solitary, but females form social groups which include other females and their young.   Like meerkats, some of the juveniles will be given babysitting duty while the rest of the group forages. They sleep in trees at night as some protection from predators. Built Environment, Meerkat, Babysitting, Predator, Males, Mammals, Fox, Solitary
The coati is a conspicuous Neotropical mammal because it is active during the day and adapts well to human built environments. Males tend to be solitary, but females form social groups which include other females and their young. Like meerkats, some of the juveniles will be given babysitting duty while the rest of the group forages. They sleep in trees at night as some protection from predators.
The kinkajou, or honey bear, is a New World species that resembles a monkey, but is actually related to the raccoon. They are arboreal and feed mostly on fruit and nectar which they access with their long tongues. Kinkajous have a slightly prehensile tail and well developed manual dexterity for getting around in the tree canopy. They are nocturnal and typically solitary foragers. Nocturnal Mammals, Howler Monkey, Very Nice Images, Honey Bear, Koala Bear, Raccoon, Costa Rica
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The kinkajou, or honey bear, is a New World species that resembles a monkey, but is actually related to the raccoon. They are arboreal and feed mostly on fruit and nectar which they access with their long tongues. Kinkajous have a slightly prehensile tail and well developed manual dexterity for getting around in the tree canopy. They are nocturnal and typically solitary foragers.
Like most ants, army ants are primarily female and have different castes which include the workers and the soldiers in addition to the queen. Soldiers are much larger with massive mandibles which they use for defense of the colony. Like other ants, army ants evolved from a wasp-like ancestor more than 100 million years ago and share the ability to combine their bite with formic acid resulting in a painful "sting." Types Of Ants, Ant Species, Flying Lantern, Ant Colony, Deer Ticks, Great White Shark, Invertebrates, Creature Design, Dangerous
Like most ants, army ants are primarily female and have different castes which include the workers and the soldiers in addition to the queen. Soldiers are much larger with massive mandibles which they use for defense of the colony. Like other ants, army ants evolved from a wasp-like ancestor more than 100 million years ago and share the ability to combine their bite with formic acid resulting in a painful "sting."
Army ants are nomadic swarm feeders and move their nest, or bivouac, from place to place as they forage. They use chemical trails to form their raiding parties as the workers are blind or nearly blind depending on the species. They have special barbs on their legs that allow them to hook together to form their living nest or create bridges when needed. In some Neotropical areas they are considered a keystone species because of all the animal associates that depend on them to flush prey. Keystone Species, Raiding, Insect Art, Book Images, Prey, Ants, Book Art, Bridges
Army ants are nomadic swarm feeders and move their nest, or bivouac, from place to place as they forage. They use chemical trails to form their raiding parties as the workers are blind or nearly blind depending on the species. They have special barbs on their legs that allow them to hook together to form their living nest or create bridges when needed. In some Neotropical areas they are considered a keystone species because of all the animal associates that depend on them to flush prey.
The barred ant shrike specializes in following columns of army ants taking advantage of the prey that is disturbed. They are a terrestrial species typically found in pairs near the forest floor where their muted colors act as camouflage. Like other understory birds, they have a low-pitched call which travels farther through the dense vegetation. Insect eating birds, such as the ant shrikes, spend a lot of time foraging and are typically monogamous as they don't have time for courtship displays. Forest Floor, Terrestrial, Wild Birds, Foraging, Columns, Muted Colors, Belize
The barred ant shrike specializes in following columns of army ants taking advantage of the prey that is disturbed. They are a terrestrial species typically found in pairs near the forest floor where their muted colors act as camouflage. Like other understory birds, they have a low-pitched call which travels farther through the dense vegetation. Insect eating birds, such as the ant shrikes, spend a lot of time foraging and are typically monogamous as they don't have time for courtship displays.
Harpy eagles are the heaviest bird of prey in the world. They spend their lives in the forest canopy scanning for prey. As an apex predator, they consume some of the largest mammals of the forest including monkeys and sloths. Because of habitat loss, they are now nearly extinct in Central America. Harpy Eagle, Bald Eagle, Three Toed Sloth, Apex Predator, Birds Of Prey, Raptors, Flocking, Eagles
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Harpy eagles are the heaviest bird of prey in the world. They spend their lives in the forest canopy scanning for prey. As an apex predator, they consume some of the largest mammals of the forest including monkeys and sloths. Because of habitat loss, they are now nearly extinct in Central America.
The eyelash pit viper is a small arboreal snake named for the modified scales above its eyes that resemble lashes. It is a sit and wait predator that uses its heat sensing glands, or pits, behind each nostril to detect when prey is near. When it strikes, it injects a hemotoxic venom into its prey which starts to degenerate the body tissue aiding the snake in digesting the animal. Pretty Snakes, Cool Snakes, Colorful Snakes, Beautiful Snakes, Les Reptiles, Cute Reptiles, Reptiles And Amphibians, Viper Snake, Pit Viper
The eyelash pit viper is a small arboreal snake named for the modified scales above its eyes that resemble lashes. It is a sit and wait predator that uses its heat sensing glands, or pits, behind each nostril to detect when prey is near. When it strikes, it injects a hemotoxic venom into its prey which starts to degenerate the body tissue aiding the snake in digesting the animal.
Mistletoe is a hemi-parasite. It has specially modified roots called haustoria with which it invades its host so that it can draw water and nutrients. Its seeds which are dispersed by birds, primarily of the Euphonia genus, are coated with a sticky substance called viscin that helps it stick to a branch while it develops. Euphonium, Parasite, Hemi, Mistletoe, Modified, Nutrient, Branch, Roots
Mistletoe is a hemi-parasite. It has specially modified roots called haustoria with which it invades its host so that it can draw water and nutrients. Its seeds which are dispersed by birds, primarily of the Euphonia genus, are coated with a sticky substance called viscin that helps it stick to a branch while it develops.
Honduran white bats are unusual in that they modify their environment to form their roost. These small bats, which live in groups typically with one dominant male, will crease the stem of heliconia leaf so that it forms a tent-like structure. Their white color allows them additional camouflage from predators when in this position as sunlight penetrates the leaf dappling their fur with green light. Honduran, Heliconia, Moon Design, Nature Animals, Scarecrow, Bats
Honduran white bats are unusual in that they modify their environment to form their roost. These small bats, which live in groups typically with one dominant male, will crease the stem of heliconia leaf so that it forms a tent-like structure. Their white color allows them additional camouflage from predators when in this position as sunlight penetrates the leaf dappling their fur with green light.