Black Panther Party
Black Panther Party, original name Black Panther Party For Self-defense, founded in 1966 in Oakland, Calif., by Bobby Seale and Huey Newton.
In 1968 "Bunchy" Carter formed Southern California chapter of the BPP with John Huggins. and became a leader in the group. On January 17, 1969, "Bunchy" Carter and fellow Panther John Huggins were shot to death in UCLA’s Campbell Hall by members of the rival black radical group Us. Huggins and fellow Party leader Bunchy Carter were gunned down by members of the US Organization during a 1969 meeting at UCLA. Their deaths were actual set up by the FBI and its COINTELPRO program.
The BPP sought to end racism & sexism. Black Panthers were brothers and sisters, who fought alongside each other & it was an egalitarian subculture; much more so than mainstream America in the 60′s. In the subculture of the Black Panther Party and Black Liberation Movement during the era of the Civil Rights, the women had stature, presence and perhaps, almost as much power as the men did in this movement. Black Panther women’s voices were heard, encouraged, and they said what they wanted.
Information Minister in the early years of the BPP, Eldridge was a one-of-a-kind charismatic political revolutionary, a secular step beyond Malcolm X. Eldridge understood the broad "Power To The People!" politics of our BPP-sixties human liberation protest movement struggle. Party members called him "Papa" or "The Rage!" He forged our early BPP coalitions with our white left radical friends. A literary giant for Soul On Ice by 1968. With it he put his heart, mind and soul into the movement.
On May 2, 1967, Lil’ Bobby Hutton was one of thirty Panthers who traveled to the California state capitol in Sacramento to demonstrate against the Mulford Act, a bill that would prohibit carrying loaded firearms in public. The group walked in to the state assembly armed as a protest to the Mulford Act. Lil’ Bobby Hutton Hutton, Bobby Seale and several of the Panthers were arrested.
Geronimo Pratt (born Elmer Pratt, September 13, 1947 – June 2, 2011), was a high-ranking member of the BPP. The FBI targeted him in COINTELPRO operation aimed to "neutralize Pratt as an effective BPP functionary." Pratt was tried & convicted of the kidnap & murder of Caroline Olsen in 1972, & spent 27 years in prison, 8 in solitary confinement. Freed in 1997 (conviction vacated). Human rights activist until his death in Tanzania. Pratt was also the godfather of the late rapper Tupac Shakur.
Elbert "Big Man" Howard is one of the original founding members of the Black Panther Party. He was a Black Panther 1966 to 1974. He served as Deputy Minister of Information & as a member of the Central Committee and the International Solidarity Committee. In Photo: Big Man (far right), Black Panther demonstration, Oakland CA, July 1968.