How did the Protestant Reformation shape the later European social and political events that followed? Consider the 16th and 17th-century witchcraft trials, the 30 Years War, and the English Civil War.
NTK: The Protestant Reformation - The Protestant Reformation was a book that Luther wrote. He started Lutheranism, which was the first protestant religion. Luther thought that faith alone was sufficient for salvation. German states were allowed to choose between Catholicism or Lutheranism. As the reformation spreads, Calvinism replaced Lutheranism as the most important form of Protestantism.
NTK: Witchcraft in the 16th and 17th centuries - those who thought they were speaking to the devil were accused of witchcraft. Many people that were accused at this time were women and most of the women were either single or widowed over the age of 50 years old. During this time period, more than a hundred thousand people were charged with witchcraft. As more and more people went to trial, the greater the fear of witches grew.
Thesis #1: The Protestant Reformation shaped the later European social culture, such as witchcraft by anger. Protestants and the Catholics would fight over their religion beliefs. Because of this anger, they would take out widowed women or other people that were not involved in the religious society. Women did not have an important role in the Protestant Reformation or in the European society. Women were not allowed to speak during church because protestants did not like them.
Thesis #3- The Protestant Reformation shaped Europe socially and politically by causing England's Civil War. When the Reformation began to take action, King Charles the 1st was the king of England. When the Parliament passed a petition which limited the ability of the king to tax, imprison citizens without cause, institute martial law, and quarter troops, King Charles began to ignore it after realizing the restrictions. This caused a civil war between the parliamentary forces and the…
NTK- English Civil War(1642-1651)- The English civil war was between the Cavaliers, supporters of the king, and the parliamentary/New Model Amry forces. The New Model Army, an army mainly made up of extreme puritans led by military genius Oliver Cromwell, took victory over the Cavaliers and much of Europe. This war led to the execution of Charles I and the abolishment of the monarchy and the House of Lords which led to the declaration of England becoming a republic instead of a common…
NTK: The 30 Years' War- The 30 Years War(1618-1648) was originally between the Catholic forces and Bohemian Protestant nobles. Soon, Denmark, France, Spain, and Sweden joined in which shifted the war from a religious conflict to a political battle. Although many Germanic hierarchies were wiped out, The Thirty Years' War granted land to some countries and divided the Holy Roman Empire into 300 individual states which gave the people living there freedom of religion and conduct foreign…
Thesis #2: the Protestant Reformation shaped later European political events such as The Thirty Years War because of religious beliefs. The war started off between the Catholics and Protestants. These two forces never got along and fought consistently and that also showed in the later years.
NTK- European 16th-17th century- The 16th and 17th century were two crucial time periods in the development of modern Europe. The power shifts between many countries or religious empires resulted in revolutions and civil wars between different countries or between royals and peasants. Religion was the main cause of the uprisings and power shifts. These uprisings led to the mellowing out of many countries size and power wise, which then led to their stature in society today.
After the execution of Charles I, the House of Commons abolished the monarchy, the House of Lords and the official Church of England. It declared England a republic, known as the Commonwealth, under the leadership of Oliver Cromwell.
In England, a battle for power raged between King and Parliament during the 1600's. The monarchy was abolished and then restored. The picture, the source, and that time line depict a few highlights of that struggle.
17. decembra 1903. godine Amerikanci, braća Orvil i Vilbur Rajt, uspeli su da prvi put uspešno lete u mašini težoj od vazduha koja je imala i sopstvenu pogonsku snagu. U Kiti Hoku, u Severnoj Karolini, oni su preleteli 26 metara za 12 sekundi, a prilikom drugog leta 260 metara za 59 sekundi. Tako je rođen avion.
Mary Tudor married Prince Philip I of Spain & then said that she was pregnant. In the 9th month of her pregnancy she still hadn’t given birth. Mary’s answer? She issued a decree that God had told her that her child wouldn’t be born until all of the Protestants were punished. 2 months later, hundreds of Protestants were extra crispy, but there was still no baby. Her thin frame finally left the castle & ordered the Nation to never speak about the pregnancy again. #historicaltyranny
25. februara 1888. godine umro je srpski botaničar i prirodnjak Josif Pančić, prvi predsednik Srpske kraljevske akademije. Proučavao je floru, faunu i mineralogiju Balkanskog poluostrva, posebno Srbije. Opisao je oko 80 nepoznatih biljnih i životinjskih vrsta. Otkrio je endemsko-reliktni četinar poznat kao "Pančićeva omorika" (Picea omorika) i reliktne ramondije (Ramonda serbica, Ramonda nathaliae). Objavio je oko 30 radova iz botanike, zoologije, geologije, mineralogije, šumarstva…