NTK 4: Voltaire was the greatest figure of the Enlightenment. He was known for his belief in religious tolerance and criticism of Christianity. In 1763 he fought for his "Treatise on Toleration" to put through to governments that "all men are brothers under God". Voltaire achieved deism which evolved into the thought of the Newtonian world-machine. He believed in natural law.
NTK 2: Montesquieu was a French noble who wrote a famous book in 1748, "The Spirit of the Laws", that explained his thoughts and studies of government. He used the Scientific Method to explain the social and political relations in humans. He recognized republics, despotism, and monarchies. He spilt the government into three branches, the executive, legislative, and judicial branch. This created a separation of power.
Thesis #1 Political French Thinkers- the two French enlightenment thinkers that made a big impact were Montesquieu and Voltaire. These two thinkers both were greatly influenced by the Scientific Reformation, which was a movement that happened before the Enlightenment and inspired these thinkers by making them think with reason. They were known to use their reason to fight for woman's rights and make the famous work, The Spirit of the Laws, which was a study of governments
NTK #5 Sir Isaac Newton- Was similar to John Locke in the way that he was a great inspirations to the Enlightenment movement in Europe. He offered many new and reasonable ideas to science. Many of these ideas are still in place and are accepted as fact today. These scientific ideas are why this time is sometimes called "The Age of Reason".
NTK #3 The Enlightenment- Was a group of intellectuals that sparked a movement that would forever changer the Western world. Using the scientific method, they came up with ideas to fix and change things in many ways, from justice systems, to religion, and even woman's rights.
Thesis 4: Economics in the enlightenment were shown through Adam Smith, who was a economist. He wrote the Wealth of Nations and was well known in this time. His fantastic reasoning is greatly influenced by the Scientific Reformation, which made him very recognizable in the economics world.
Thesis 3: Because of philosophers like Voltaire and his idea of deism, people began to doubt their faith in God and that is why John Wesley, an American minister, preached to people and encouraged the idea of attending mas and becoming more religious and faithful in general.