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Bison sculpted from mammoth ivory. Found at Zaraysk, Russia, about 20,000 years old. Zaraysk Museum of Art and History. 2. front view.

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The magnificent Loughnashade trumpet is one of the finest surviving horns of the European Iron Age. It was discovered during drainage works at the site of a former lake in Armagh, Ireland. Alongside it were three other horns, which have since been lost, and a collection of human skulls and bones. This array of finds is suggestive of ritual deposition and it is likely that the lake was a site of some importance for the inhabitants of the nearby royal site at Eamhain Macha.

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These two Late Bronze Age horns were discovered in Co. Antrim at bogs located in Drumbest and Drunkendult respectively. Made from bronze they were originally cast in clay moulds. They represent sophisticated pieces of early metal-working and were undoubtedly valuable items, whose deposition in a bog may represent ritual activity.

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Decorated leather shoe found in a bog in Carrigallen, Co., Leitrim. Dated to the early middle ages. Photograph by Vlasta.

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The world's oldest wooden musical instrument. In 2003 a remarkable artefact was recovered during an archaeological excavation carried at Greystones, Co. Wicklow, Ireland. It consists of six carefully worked wooden pipes, which formed part of a composite wind instrument, such as an organ fed by a bag, or else a pan-pipe like device.

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Skull, found in France, with a knife still embedded it it. The skull belonged to a Roman solider who died during the Gallic Wars, ca. 52BC. It was on display at the Museo Rocsen in Argentina.

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