Pope Benedict XV (1854-1922). At the outbreak of World War I, he immediately declared the Holy See’s neutrality in the conflict. He condemned the war for its barbarity and futility, calling it a “useless massacre” and “the suicide of civilized Europe." He called for a peace without victory. He wanted an end put to all compulsory military service, and he devised and offered peace plans to both sides based on reconciliation and forgiveness and not revenge.
The Nobel Peace Prize 1980
The Nobel Peace Prize 1980 was awarded to Adolfo Pérez Esquivel "for being a source of inspiration to repressed people, especially in Latin America".
Christian de Chergé: A Story of Forgiveness
Christian de Chergé, a French monk murdered at the hands of Muslim extremists in Algeria, wrote a letter forgiving his attackers in advance.
Lanza del Vasto (1901-1981) was a philosopher and activist whose encounter with Mahatama Gandhi in 1936 led him to cofound with his wife the Community of the Ark in France. He fasted to protest torture, demonstrated against nuclear power plants, and spoke and wrote on non-violence. Vasto remained totally devoted to Catholicism and tried to remind the Church of the message of peace. In 1963, he fasted for 40 days in an appeal to the pope to issue a statement on the arms race.
John Colet (1467–1519), Dean of St Paul's Cathedral | Art UK
Discover artworks, explore venues and meet artists. Art UK is the online home for every public collection in the UK. Featuring over 200,000 oil paintings by some 38,000 artists.
Gordon Zahn (1918-2007) was one of few Catholic conscientious objectors during World War II. He was a pacifist, author, writer and educator. He was a co-founder of Pax Christi U.S.A. and discovered the story of Franz Jägerstätter, the Austrian peasant who refused to serve in Hitlers army in any capacity, whom he wrote about in his book, In Solitary Witness. He also wrote about military chaplains in World War II, among other things.
On November 9, 1965, at the age of 22, Roger Allen LaPorte set himself on fire in front of the United Nations building in New York City to protest the Vietnam War. He was a former seminarian and a member of the Catholic Worker Movement. Despite his burns, he remained conscious and able to speak at the hospital. When asked why he set himself on fire, La Porte replied, “I’m a Catholic Worker. I’m against war, all wars. I did this as a religious action.” La Porte died the next day.
Lew Rockwell - Wikipedia
Llewellyn Harrison "Lew" Rockwell, Jr. (1944-) is an American Catholic and libertarian author and editor and founder and chairman of the Ludwig von Mises Institute. His website is consistently antiwar, the motto being "antiwar, anti-state, pro-market."
Emmanuel Charles McCarthy - Wikipedia
Fr. Emmanuel Charles McCarthy is the original director of the Program for the Study and Practice of Nonviolent Conflict Resolution at the University of Notre Dame. He left in 1969, resigning in protest. He is co-founder of Pax Christi USA. He has directed retreats and spoken throughout the world on the Nonviolent Jesus and His Way of Nonviolent Love of friends and enemies. In 1983 he began The Annual Forty Day Fast for the Truth of Gospel Nonviolence.
John Caromody (interviewed by Fr.Emmanuel Charles McCarthy) (part 1 of 2)
Guest Host Fr. Emmanuel Charles McCarthy, a co-founder of PaxChristi USA, interviews John Carmody, Director of the Center for Christian Non-violence. This i...
Betty Williams and Mairead Corrigan: The Irish Peace People. For their leadership in helping both Catholics and Protestants in Northern Ireland "live and love and build a just and peaceful society" and their commitment to "reject the use of the bomb and the bullet and all the techniques of violence" they were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1971.
St. Teresa Benedicta of the Cross (Edith Stein) (1891-1942) was born of Jewish parents in Germany. She was a brilliant student, awarded her doctorate in philosophy at the age of 25 and one of Europe’s leading philosophers. She converted, became a nun, and formally consecrated her life to atonement and to world peace. She died in the death camp at Auschwitz, on August 9, 1942. She wrote: "Human activity cannot help us. Only the suffering of Christ can. To share in that suffering is my…