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Writing pad from the past - wood  tablets were used and could be  inscribed or written on in ink.

Writing pad from the past - wood tablets were used and could be inscribed or written on in ink.

1777 Parchment Booklet Parchment was the skins of animals (mainly calves, sheep, and goats) cleaned and the hair scraped off; they were then stretched out to dry, and treated with chalk and alum.

1777 Parchment Booklet Parchment was the skins of animals (mainly calves, sheep, and goats) cleaned and the hair scraped off; they were then stretched out to dry, and treated with chalk and alum.

A 5,000 year-old Sumerian cuniform clay tablet dictionary.  Location:	Babylon.

A 5,000 year-old Sumerian cuniform clay tablet dictionary. Location: Babylon.

Babylonian clay tablet map ca. 1500BCE

Babylonian clay tablet map ca. 1500BCE

Clay tablet inscribed with six lines of Linear A writing  Zakros, end of Late Minoan IB (ca. 1450 B.C.)

Clay tablet inscribed with six lines of Linear A writing Zakros, end of Late Minoan IB (ca. 1450 B.C.)

Babylonian Map of the World: Incised on a clay tablet & dates to the 5th century BC. It was discovered at Sippar, southern Iraq, 60 miles (97 km) north of Babylon on the Euphrates River, & was published in 1899. The clay tablet resides at the British Museum.

Babylonian Map of the World: Incised on a clay tablet & dates to the 5th century BC. It was discovered at Sippar, southern Iraq, 60 miles (97 km) north of Babylon on the Euphrates River, & was published in 1899. The clay tablet resides at the British Museum.

Ancient Indian Manuscripts were often made with palm leaves. They were known as Talapatra in Sanskrit and Olai in Tamil.

ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOURCES: ANCIENT PALM LEAF MANUSCRIPTS

Ancient Indian Manuscripts were often made with palm leaves. They were known as Talapatra in Sanskrit and Olai in Tamil.

Sumerian Boundary stone  - kudurru (1125-1100 BC). The cuneiform inscription  records the granting by Eanna-shum-iddina, the governor of the Sealand, of five gur of corn land in the district of Edina in south Babylonia to a man called Gula-eresh.

Sumerian Boundary stone - kudurru (1125-1100 BC). The cuneiform inscription records the granting by Eanna-shum-iddina, the governor of the Sealand, of five gur of corn land in the district of Edina in south Babylonia to a man called Gula-eresh.

Archaeologists have stumbled upon what is thought to be the most ancient harbor ever found in Egypt, along with the countrys oldest collection of papyrus documents, Egyptian authorities say.

4,500-year-old harbor structures and papyrus texts unearthed in Egypt

Archaeologists have stumbled upon what is thought to be the most ancient harbor ever found in Egypt, along with the countrys oldest collection of papyrus documents, Egyptian authorities say.

Hieroglyphics on PAPYRUS: Papyrus is a thick paper-like material produced from the pith of the papyrus plan. Papyrus cracked when folded and so was preserved in the form of a scroll.

Hieroglyphics on PAPYRUS: Papyrus is a thick paper-like material produced from the pith of the papyrus plan. Papyrus cracked when folded and so was preserved in the form of a scroll.

Wax Tablet used throughout Antiquity and the Middle Ages

Wax Tablet used throughout Antiquity and the Middle Ages