carte-Olaus-Magnus-1539.jpg (900×575)

carte-Olaus-Magnus-1539.jpg (900×575)

Detail from Olaus Magnus’ Carta Marina (1539), the bottom edge of “Islandia” sneaking in top left . marina magnus

Detail from Olaus Magnus’ Carta Marina (1539), the bottom edge of “Islandia” sneaking in top left . marina magnus

Grip attributed to Joseph Deutschmann (German, 1717). Hunting Sword with Scabbard, ca. 1740. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Gift of Jean Jacques Reubell, in memory of his mother, Julia C. Coster, and of his wife, Adeline E. Post, both of New York City, 1926 (26.145.243a,b)

Grip attributed to Joseph Deutschmann (German, 1717). Hunting Sword with Scabbard, ca. 1740. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Gift of Jean Jacques Reubell, in memory of his mother, Julia C. Coster, and of his wife, Adeline E. Post, both of New York City, 1926 (26.145.243a,b)

The Mad Hatter has a basis in real history. In the 18th and 19th centuries, mercury was used to treat felt used in the production of hats in England. Workers in hat factories were exposed to toxic levels of the heavy metal and often led to the onset of dementia.

The Mad Hatter has a basis in real history. In the 18th and 19th centuries, mercury was used to treat felt used in the production of hats in England. Workers in hat factories were exposed to toxic levels of the heavy metal and often led to the onset of dementia.

On September 16, 1701, King James I of England died. He was also King James VII of Scotland and part of the Stuart dynasty. However, his reign had actually come to an end in 1688 when England refused to be ruled by a Catholic monarch, especially after the birth of his Catholic son, James. He was succeeded by his elder daughter and her husband, Mary II of England and William III of Orange.

The Death of James II of England: The Last English and Scottish Catholic Monarch

On September 16, 1701, King James I of England died. He was also King James VII of Scotland and part of the Stuart dynasty. However, his reign had actually come to an end in 1688 when England refused to be ruled by a Catholic monarch, especially after the birth of his Catholic son, James. He was succeeded by his elder daughter and her husband, Mary II of England and William III of Orange.

35,000-year-old flute, the oldest instrument known, found in the Ach Valley of southern Germany, the nearly intact five-hole flute was meticulously carved with stone tools from the hollow wing-bone of a giant vulture

35,000-year-old flute, the oldest instrument known, found in the Ach Valley of southern Germany, the nearly intact five-hole flute was meticulously carved with stone tools from the hollow wing-bone of a giant vulture

1560: The first children are castrated for use in the Sistine Chapel Choir. 1589: Pope Sixtus V issues a papal Bull approving the recruitment of castrati By 1625 all sopranos in the Sistine Chapel choir are castrati. During the 17th and 18th centuries in Italy, some 4,000 - 5,000 boys aged between 7 and 9 are castrated annually for the Church.

1560: The first children are castrated for use in the Sistine Chapel Choir. 1589: Pope Sixtus V issues a papal Bull approving the recruitment of castrati By 1625 all sopranos in the Sistine Chapel choir are castrati. During the 17th and 18th centuries in Italy, some 4,000 - 5,000 boys aged between 7 and 9 are castrated annually for the Church.

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