Visual Glossary Of Stone Industry Terms

Have you ever wondered what a word or stone-industry term looks like? Hopefully our visual glossary of stone terms will help. Enjoy!
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a white marble textured wall with black border
Abrasive FInish - A flat and non reflective surface finish.
there are two pictures one has stairs and the other has light coming in from above
Abrasive Hardiness (Ha) - A measure of the wearing qualities of stone for floors, stair treads and other areas subjected to abrasion by foot traffic.
drops of water on the surface of a wall
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Absorption - Percentage of moisture absorbed by weight.
a close up view of a white marble surface
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Acid Wash - A treatment applied to the face of the stone to achieve a texture or finish that is distressed. Chemical treatments are more effective when applied to calcareous stones than to siliceous stone types. Recently, the use of acid and other types of chemical treatments has lessened due to environmental and disposal concerns. Chemical processes have been replaced by mechanical methods for texturing of the stone face.
a large stone wall with statues on it
Adoquin - A volcanic, quartz-based stone containing a variety of colored aggregates and pumice in a quartz matrix. Quarried in Mexico. Available in several color.
the different colors and sizes of carpeting materials for floor covering, walls and floors
Agglomerated Stone - A manmade product composed of crushed stone combined with resin.
the white fur is very soft and fluffy
Alabaster
Alabaster - A fine-grained and translucent variety of gypsum, generally white in color. May be cut and carved easily with a knife or saw. Term is often incorrectly applied to fine-grained marble.
an open area with many large rocks in it
ASTM C119 - Defines limestone as a group, as "a rock of sedimentary origin composed principally of calcium carbonate (the mineral calcite), or the double carbonate of calcium and magnesium (the mineral dolomite), or a combination of these two minerals".
some kind of stone with the word science written in silver on it's side
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Antique Finish - A finish that replicates rusticated or distressed textures. Produced through mechanical or chemical means to simulate the naturally occurring effects of the aging process.
a kitchen with white cabinets and marble counter tops, potted plant on the window sill
Apron - A trim piece under a projecting stone top, stool, etc.
an ornate white gate with black wrought iron gates on either side and street lights at the end
Arch - The curved or pointed construction over a doorway or opening. Arch shapes range from flat to semicircular or semielliptical to acutely pointed.
the structure of an architectural column, vintage line drawing or engraving
Architrave - 1. The beam or lowest division of the entablature in the classical orders, spanning from column to column. 2. The decorated surrounds of a window or door at the head and jamb.
a close up of a rock with the words arkose in red lettering on it
Arkose - A sandstone containing 10% or more clastic grains of feldspar. Also called arkose sandstone, feldspathic sandstone.
an image of the side of a building that is lit up at night with lights on it
Arris - An edge or angle where two surfaces meet; for example, moldings and raised edges.
a stone wall that is made out of different colored stones
Ashlar - A thin, dressed stone cut in square or rectangular shapes, typically used as a wall facing in a pattern of varying shapes and sizes.