January 8, 1940: Wartime rationing begins in the UK. The first items rationed were butter, sugar, and bacon, and these were soon followed by meat, tea, jam, biscuits, cereals, cheese, eggs, milk, and dried and canned fruit. Most food items were rationed according to weight -- meat, however, was rationed by price. The illustration is of a child's ration book from this period.
Boy evacuees with gas masks; Second World War: evacuating London
Princess Elizabeth of England (center), 11-year-old heiress apparent to the British throne, makes her broadcast debut, delivering a three-minute speech to British girls and boys evacuated overseas, on October 22, 1940, in London, England. She is joined in bidding good-night to her listeners by her sister, Princess Margaret Rose.
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