This statue of the Pre-dynastic Period may be the first known depiction of a pharaoh. At the time of Nagada (the name of a discovery at the site of Upper Egypt), around 4000 BCE. This statue was found in Gebelein, south of Luxor. Photo courtesy of J.F. Bradu - Associate Professor
Sumerian is the earliest known writing system. Its origins can be traced back to about 8,000 BC. It developed from the pictographs and other symbols used to represent trade transactions on clay tablets. Sumerian was written in Sumer in from perhaps the 4th millennium BC until about 2,000 BC, when it was replaced by Akkadian as written language of Sumerians. Sumerian is closely resembles to Etruscan and related civilizations
2700 BCE Early Dynastic. Abu Habba, Sippar Iraq. Aragonite cylinder seal; contest scene; in the centre - a bearded nude male with 6 roundels around his head termed a "crested head-dress", holds a bull in each hand.
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