Feudal justice system was very harsh and final. A lot of times people would be assumed to be guilty until proven innocent. Justice was entertainment, and it was frequently done in public view unless it was a noble being charged. If you were a thief you would receive a scar on the hand or cut off fingers. Beatings, whippings, caning's, scaring, and public humiliation were minor.
Even though the feudal system is no longer around, certain things about it are still here. For example, like politics or republics, The president is like the king, politicians are like the barons, the local government is like the knights, and then the people (peasants).
The decline of feudalism started when the use of money became more important than the use or trading of goods. Not only was money becoming more important, but also the serfs were fighting back and also making there own money. Eventually, leading to the end of feudalism.
Serfs were given land by knights. They had to give the knights free labor, food, and service whenever they were told.Serfs had no rights and were not allowed to leave or marry without permission. They were very poor. During feudalism time, if you were poor, you and descenders would always be poor. This meaning that you had to be born into wealth (from the king or a knight).
Knights would get land from the barons in exchange for service in the military which was actually demanded by the king. So really, not much choice. They would keep as much of the land given to them and then give some to the serfs.
Barons were directly under the king which made them very rich. They were rich because the could make their own money, set their own taxes, and use as much of the king land as they wanted. Some of the land they would give to their knights.
The king during feudalism was in complete control of all the land and decided what to do with it. Therefore, only the people he trusted would get to lease any land, or if someone promised to remain loyal to the king. For example, if someone today promised to vote for the president in exchange for cash he would probably do it. This is what made the king fully in charge.
Feudalism was a way to get an army together quickly because it grew out of chaos. For example, after Charlemagne died the Frankish empire had to keep things going. Each part of the empire fell to fighting each other. As a result armies were formed quickly.
Feudalism is a structure of society because loyalty can give land to the poorer in return for loyalty. For example, a king can give land to a peasant. As a result, the peasant then favors the king, keeping him in power. It also was a way of farming a piece of land for a lord and agreeing to serve under the lord in war for exchange for getting to live on the land and getting protection.