Roman paintings in ancient Pompeii. The so-called Sappho girl, caught in a moment of thought before putting pen to paper. This famous miniature, discovered in June 1760, has remained one of the most famous portraits from Pompeii. Archaeological Museum, Naples, Italy
Hypatia, the mathematician and philosopher, was the daughter of the mathematician Theon Alexandricus (ca. 335–405) and last librarian of the Library of Alexandria in the Museum of Alexandria. She was educated at Athens and in Italy. Around CE 400, she became head of the Platonist school at Alexandria, where she imparted the knowledge of Plato and Aristotle to any student; the pupils included pagans, Christians, and foreigners.