"Though born into slavery Biddy Mason gained freedom for herself and her children in 1856. Only ten years later she had saved enough money to purchase property, making her the first African American women to own land in Los Angeles. A nurse and midwife by profession, she helped found the first elementary school for African American children in Los Angeles."
Rev. Dr. Pauli Murray became the first African American woman to be ordained an Episcopal priest in 1977 at the age of 67, the first Black deputy attorney general in the state of California in 1945, the first Black American to receive a J.S.D. from Yale Law School in 1965, and graduated first (and the only woman) in her Howard University Law School class in 1944.
I have to say, it boggles my mind that this was such a short time ago. Meet Josephine Holloway, one of the first African American Girl Scout troop leaders who lobbied for the Girl Scouts to include African Americans. (orig. pinner comment)
Bessie Coleman, the daughter of a poor, southern, African American family, became one of the most famous women and African Americans in aviation history. "Brave Bessie" or "Queen Bess," as she became known, faced the double difficulties of racial and gender discrimination in early 20th-century America but overcame such challenges to become the first African American woman to earn a pilot's license. Coleman became a role model for women and African Americans.
Ruby Bridges, 1960 Ruby Bridges (born 1954) was the first African American child to desegregate an elementary school when she walked into William Frantz Elementary school in New Orleans, Louisiana in 1960.
The Little Rock Nine Are Now Eight: The Ancestors Bring Home Jefferson Thomas
The Little Rock Nine were a group of African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957. The ensuing Little Rock Crisis, in which the students were initially prevented from entering the racially segregated school by Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus, and then attended after the intervention of President Eisenhower, is considered to be one of the most important events in the African American Civil Rights Movement.
Elizabeth "Bessie" Coleman (January 26, 1892 – April 30, 1926) was an American civil aviator. She was the first female pilot of African American descent and the first person of African American descent to hold an international pilot license.black women in history - Google Search
Charity Adams Earley, Black Pioneer in Wacs, Dies at 83