Male African Bush Elephant (Loxodonta africana) at Chobe National Park, Botswana - photo by Ben Cranke, via Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History's 2012 Nature's Best Photography Awards; Winner: African Wildlife; African elephants are the heaviest land mammals, with males weighing 10,000 to 13,000 pounds, and bearing tusks that can weigh up to 100 pounds each.
African elephants are the elephants of the genus Loxodonta, consisting of two extant species: the African bush elephant and the smaller African forest elephant. Loxodonta is one of the two existing genera in the family Elephantidae.
"Early maternal care in the first two years of life actually affects an elephant's survival over 40 years - it has long lasting consequences," "It is a problem we tend to overlook, unless we are looking at humans: how animals respond over the very long-term to apparently small events that happen in their lives." Prof Lee and colleague in the international team of researchers said inexperienced mums often provided "inappropriate care".