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Al Biruni

Al-Razi & Al Biruni Al-razi was a scientist, alchemist and chemist, and mathematician. He also discovered the compounds for alcohol and kerosene. Many books were accredited to him about alchemy. Al-biruni was well known for work in physics, mathematics, astronomy, and natural sciences, and also distinguished himself as a historian, chronologist and linguist. He wrote 95 books on astronomy and mathematics. He devised his own way to determine the radius of the earth.

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Chart of Lunar eclipses by al-Biruni (973-1048)

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Al-Biruni is regarded as one of the greatest scholars of the medieval Islamic era and was well versed in physics, mathematics, astronomy, and natural sciences, and also distinguished himself as a historian, chronologist and linguist.

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Lunar crater Al-Biruni, on the far side of the Moon, as seen by Apollo 14

from A HISTORY OF SCIENCE

AL-BIRUNI (973-1050)

Al-Biruni was among those who laid the foundation for modern Trigonometry. He was a philosopher, geographer, astronomer, physicist and mathematician. Six hundred years before Galgeo, Al-Biruni discussed the theory of the earth rotating about its own axis. Al-Biruni carried out geodisic measurements and determined the earth's circumference in a most ingenious way.

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(al biruni - Google Search) Abu al-Rayhan Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Biruni is one of the greatest scholars of history. He was a Persian Muslim scholar of the 10th and 11th centuries. Al Biruni was an astronomer, a mathematician, a geographer, and many more. He believed he could get closer to God if he understood his creation.

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Sol Invictus, an idol of the late Roman Empire: Hindu beliefs and practices, in al-Biruni’s view, were much like those of the ancient Greeks. Al-Biruni described Hindus as recognizing seven classes of spiritual beings who continually quarrel and fight. They occasionally had intercourse with human beings.

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Al-Biruni on a modern Iranian stamp : One man who is in this elite group of the greatest scholars of all time is the Muslim Persian polymath, Abu Rayhan al-Biruni. He lived from 973 to 1048 and spent most of his life in Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent. During his illustrious career, al-Biruni became an expert in numerous subjects, including history, physics, mathematics, astronomy, linguistics, comparative religion, and earth sciences. Despite the unsettling political problems the…

from Brain Pickings

100 Diagrams That Changed the World

Lunar Eclipse (Abu Rayhan al-Biruni, 1019) An illustration showing the different phases of the moon from al-Biruni’s manuscript copy of his Kitab al-Tafhim (Book of Instruction on the Principles of the Art of Astrology)

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The statue of Al-Biruni in United Nations Office in Vienna as a part of Persian Scholars Pavilion donated by Iran

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