Language: In this image you can see all of the Farsi letters and all 4 of their forms.There are 32 letters in the Farsi alphabet, but unlike our alphabet each letter is written differently depending on where it is in a sentence.This means if you were to learn to write in Farsi, you would have to memorize 32 letters x 4 forms to know how to write Farsi and that would equal 128 different characters to memorize!
The Arabic Alphabet has 28 letters. The shape of these letters changes depending on their position in the word, whether isolated; in the beginning of the word (initial); in the middle (medial); or at the end (final). http://www.sakkal.com/Arab_Calligraphy_Art1.html
Akkadian, ca. 2800 BCE to 500 CE. The lingua franca of ancient Mesopotamia, Akkadian uses the same cuneiform alphabet as Sumerian. The Epic of Gilgamesh, the Enuma Elish creation myth and other texts were composed in Akkadian, which has grammar similar to classical Arabic.