Amenhotep III (Amenophis; Amāna-Ḥātpa, "Amun is Satisfied"; Amenhotep the Magnificent) was the 9th pharaoh of the 18th dynasty. His reign was a period of prosperity and splendour, when Egypt reached the peak of her artistic and international power. Amenhotep III was the father of two sons with his Great Royal Wife Tiye, a queen considered the progenitor of monotheism through her first son, Crown Prince Thutmose, and second son, Amenhotep IV (Akhenaten).
Amenhotep, son of Hapu, as a scribe Because scribes were powerful and respected, Egyptian officials often chose to portray themselves in this deceptively humble pose. Eighteenth Dynasty Reign of Amenhotep III, 1390–1352 BCE From Thebes, Temple of Karnak Granodiorite The Egyptian Museum, Cairo