“Because We are Also the Only Ones Who Give Birth to Men.” Gorgo, Queen of Sparta, explaining why Spartan women were allowed to rule men. Queen Gorgo was the wife of Leonidas. At the time she spoke it, women were second-class citizens just about everywhere, except in Sparta. In contrast to the other women of Greece, Spartan women were treated reasonably well, and enjoyed a much greater level of freedom than their peers could ever expect.
Ancient Sparta is well known for its powerful military, and for a period of time was dominant in Greece, among the other city-states. They were for a time, enemies with Athens, during the Peloponnesian league.
Ancient Sparta, Imperial Rome, 1960s San Francisco — all shit-holes.