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Antonio Stradivari: Violin "The Antonius" (34.86.1) | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art

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Antonio Stradivari (1644–1737) “The Rawlins” guitar, 1700, Cremona, Italy. The famed luthier (stringed instrument maker) Antonio Stradivari built a handful of guitars, of which four are known to survive. Stradivari’s guitars are the earliest known guitars that use the same basic wood choices of spruce for the top and maple for the sides and backs. These are the same woods used for violins, and are standard wood choices for modern day archtop guitar builders.

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Metropolitan Museum of Art Violin, 1669 made by Nicolò Amati (Italian, 1596–1684) Cremona, Italy Spruce, maple, other woods L. of body 13 13/16 in. (35 cm) (belly), L. of upper bouts 6 3/8 in. (16.1 cm), L. of middle bouts 4 3/8 in. (11 cm), L. of lower bouts 7 7/8 in. (20.1 cm) Gift of Evelyn Stark, 1974 (1974.229)

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The Rawlins, by Antonio Stradivari, Cremona, 1700. The Rawlins guitar is one of four documented guitars made by the famous Italian craftsman known to survive. The others are preserved in the Ashmolean Museum at Oxford University in England; the Musée de la Musique in Paris; and in a private Italian collection. The Rawlins has five double strings, typical of the 17th century, rather than the six single strings found on modern guitars. It is also smaller than today's instruments.

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Antonio Stradivari - Violin Cobbett - Cremona (1683)