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from NASA

An Historic Day in Human Spaceflight

A History of Human Spaceflight On April 12, 1961, the era of human spaceflight began when the Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first human to orbit the Earth in his Vostock I spacecraft. The flight lasted 108 minutes.


A liberated inmate at Mittelbau-Dora concentration camp (also known as Nordhausen and Nordhausen-Dora, a sub-camp of Buchenwald concentration camp) weeps following the liberation of Nordhausen by forces of the U.S. Army 104th Infantry Division  3rd Armored Division. Near Nordhausen, Thuringia, Germany. April 1945. Image taken by John Florea.


April 1936. "Farmer and sons walking in the face of a dust storm. Cimarron County, Oklahoma." Perhaps Arthur Rothstein's best known Dust Bowl image, and overall one of most memorable photographs to come out of the entire FSA/OWI program. Gelatin silver print by Arthur Rothstein.


[photograph: Black Sunday, SW Kansas Dust Bowl, April 14, 1935, near Dodge City. All rights reserved, Ford County Historical Society, Dodge City, KS]